[INDOLOGY] subscript dot diacritic

Stefan Baums baums at lmu.de
Tue May 19 20:59:59 UTC 2015

Dear Rich and Arlo,

> in Kharosthi script a line above indicates various
> kinds of variant pronunciations

Brough, Gāndhārī Dharmapada, pp. 59–60 has a detailed
discussion of this and does suggest that the line
originated from a dot. In the Kharoṣṭhī manuscript
material that I work with, sometimes a stray j or ṣ
with dot above occurs, even though the form with line
above is normal.

On a side note, wondering what the antecedents of dot
below for retroflex in Indic transliteration are, I
came across the following Wikipedia page:


with a wealth of examples for diacritic dots above
and below in Latin‐based orthographies.

All best,

Dr. Stefan Baums
Institute for Indian and Tibetan Studies
Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich

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