[INDOLOGY] Help with Sanskrit Pronouns

Hock, Hans Henrich hhhock at illinois.edu
Fri Oct 3 01:36:18 UTC 2014

Dear Rohana Seneviratne,

The attached paper may give you some indication of what happens in Sanskrit. You may find the references useful too. (The paper was published in Indic across the millennia: From the Rigveda to Modern Indo-Aryan, ed. by Jared S. Klein and Kazuhiko Yoshida, 49-58. (14th World Sanskrit Conference, Kyoto, Japan, September 1st-5th, 2009, Proceedings of the Linguistic Section.) Bremen: Hempen Verlag, 2012

Best wishes,

Hans Henrich Hock

On Oct 2, 2014, at 18:22, Rohana Seneviratne <rohana.seneviratne at orinst.ox.ac.uk<mailto:rohana.seneviratne at orinst.ox.ac.uk>> wrote:

Dear All,

I will be very much grateful if somebody could kindly locate for me the grammar rule(s) that teach us how to use pronouns in a case like the following.

In a sentence like "आकाशे सूर्यश्चन्द्रो नक्षत्राणि च विलसन्ति",  the subjects are in masculine and neuter. If the next sentence starts with "They", i.e.referring back to the sun, moon and stars in the first sentence, which gender should the pronoun तद् be put in; ते or तानि? We know that in the case of compounds, the gender of the final element governs the gender of the whole compound, but I could not precisely find Paninian rules related to this directly. I also tried Apte's work, Student's Guide to Sanskrit composition, which did not help me in this case unfortunately.

Thank you very much in advance for any helpful lead.

Best Wishes,
Rohana Seneviratne
DPhil Student in Sanskrit
The Oriental Institute
Faculty of Oriental Studies
University of Oxford
Pusey Lane, Oxford
United Kingdom

Email: rohana.seneviratne at orinst.ox.ac.uk<mailto:rohana.seneviratne at orinst.ox.ac.uk>
Web: http://users.ox.ac.uk/~pemb3753/
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