[INDOLOGY] Help with Sanskrit Pronouns

Dipak Bhattacharya dipak.d2004 at gmail.com
Fri Oct 3 04:11:25 UTC 2014

The relevant rule is सामान्ये नपुंसकम् = 'when the gender is to be common
for many it shall be neuter'. This is a common sense rule taught in
secondary classes. It does not occur in the Ashtaadhyaayii. According to
tradition the adverbial second case-ending is neuter by this dictum

On Fri, Oct 3, 2014 at 4:52 AM, Rohana Seneviratne <
rohana.seneviratne at orinst.ox.ac.uk> wrote:

>  Dear All,
>  I will be very much grateful if somebody could kindly locate for me the
> grammar rule(s) that teach us how to use pronouns in a case like the
> following.
>  In a sentence like "आकाशे सूर्यश्चन्द्रो नक्षत्राणि च विलसन्ति",  the
> subjects are in masculine and neuter. If the next sentence starts with
> "They", i.e. referring back to the sun, moon and stars in the first
> sentence, which gender should the pronoun तद् be put in; ते or तानि? We
> know that in the case of compounds, the gender of the final element governs
> the gender of the whole compound, but I could not precisely find Paninian
> rules related to this directly. I also tried Apte's work, Student's Guide
> to Sanskrit composition, which did not help me in this case unfortunately.
>  Thank you very much in advance for any helpful lead.
>   Best Wishes,
> Rohana
> ------------------------------------------------
> Rohana Seneviratne
> DPhil Student in Sanskrit
> The Oriental Institute
> Faculty of Oriental Studies
> University of Oxford
> Pusey Lane, Oxford
> OX1 2LE
> United Kingdom
> Email: rohana.seneviratne at orinst.ox.ac.uk
> Web: http://users.ox.ac.uk/~pemb3753/
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