Tibeten~Sanskrit Idiom Query

Dominik Wujastyk wujastyk at GMAIL.COM
Wed Jun 22 16:45:26 UTC 2011

It's at my elbow, so

Aṣṭāṅgahṛdaya 1.1.34:

tyajed ārtaṃ bhiṣagbhūpair dviṣṭaṃ teṣāṃ dviṣaṃ dviṣam/
hīnopakaraṇam vyagram avidheyaṃ gatāyuṣam // 34 //

> From my Roots tr.:
One should not accept a patient who is hated by physicians and kings alike,
or who has long hated them.  Nor should one accept a person who does not
have any medical necessities, who is distracted, unbiddable [avidheyam], or
whose life has run out.

"dviṣaṃ dviṣam" is, I believe, an intensive reduplication of the rare
indeclinable gerund form in -am.  Macdonell paragraph 166.    Opinions?

On avidheya, the commentator Aruṇadatta says "avidheyaṃ - bhiṣajaḥ, tadājñāṃ
yo na karoti, tam api tyajet" i..e., who doesn't do as he's told.  Hemādri
says, "avidheyaṃ - vaidyasyānadhīnam" i.e., not obedient to the doctor.



On 22 June 2011 18:22, Ronald Davidson <rdavidson at fairfield.edu> wrote:

> Dear Stephen and colleagues,
> Lokesh Chandra's Tibetan-Sanskrit Dictionary, Supplementary Volume, p. 683a
> lists avidheya as an equivalent attested from the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdaya 1.1.34,
> although this may be of very limited application in the Vinaya context.
> As Dorji Wangchuk just mentioned, this is a form that suggests an
> injunctive
> force, and it may be worthy of noting that mi btub appears to be equivalent
> to abhavya in the Mahāvyutpatti 9135 : abhavyo haritvāya : sngon por 'gyur
> du mi rung ba 'am mi btub.
> Ron Davidson
> > From: Stephen Hodge <s.hodge at PADMACHOLING.PLUS.COM>
> > Reply-To: Stephen Hodge <s.hodge at PADMACHOLING.PLUS.COM>
> > Date: Wed, 22 Jun 2011 04:22:10 +0100
> > To: <INDOLOGY at liverpool.ac.uk>
> > Subject: [INDOLOGY] Tibeten~Sanskrit Idiom Query
> >
> > Dear Tibetanist Colleagues,
> >
> > I have the expression "nyan-du mi-btub/ma-btub" which occurs about a
> dozen
> > or so times in the Kanjur, particularly in the 'Dul-ba section.  Has
> anybody
> > come across or can suggest a reliable / attested Sanskrit origin for this
> ~
> > contextually it seems to mean "disregard / ignore" something said.  I
> have
> > looked in all the obvious sources, but cannot find anything.
> >
> > Many thanks,
> > Stephen Hodge

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