Two questions/requests

Loriliai Biernacki biernack at
Wed May 8 03:01:06 UTC 1996

For # 1 the Samanna phala Sutta in the Diigha Nikaaya 2.ff has a nice 
list of different groups from the Buddhist point of view, some more 
easily identifiable, such as the Aajiivika Makkhali Gosaalo and the 
materialist Ajita Kezakambalin, and others less so.  All are refuted of 
course, though not necessarily presented as heretical.

Loriliai Biernacki
University of Pennsylvania

According to aklujkar at
>         1. There are general references to the heretics ( ;Srama.nas,
> Aajiivakas, in some *early* Brahmanical texts (by which I
> mean here the Brahmanical texts commonly assigned to the period before the
> beginning of the Christian era), but specific references to individual
> groups among the heretics, as far as I could so far find out, are not many 
> (e.g. Kau.tilya 3.20.16 refers to ;Saakya and Aajiivaka).  
>         (I cannot, for example, recall a single reference to Bauddhas or
> Jainas or to things distinctively associated with the Bauddhas or Jainas 
> in Kaalidaasa's works. A word like caitya does not count as evidence in my
> view. )
>         There are many ways in which one can interpret this specific
> absence. What  I would like to do at first, however, is to collect these
> early references, especially the ones that refer to groups or divisions
> among the heretics. I would appreciate it if you would draw my attention to
> the relevant sources or discussions you might have come across. 
>         I am checking Vishvabandhu's VPAK and Kane's History of
> Dharma-;saastra.  
> ashok aklujkar
> Professor, Dept. of Asian Studies, University of British Columbia,
> Vancouver, B.C., Canada V6T 1Z2

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