Numeric notation in the SV and related works.

Masato Fujii fujii at
Wed Dec 4 08:27:53 UTC 1996

  For the numeral notation of the Kauthuma-Saamaveda, see Wayne Howard, 
Saamavedic Chant (New Haven and London, 1977), pp. 29--75: Chap. 1. The 
Kauthuma Numeral Notation. Concerning the saaman in ChU 2,24, which you have 
quoted, it is to be noted that there is another version of the same passage 
with different musical numbers, which, I think, are those of the 
gaayatra-saaman: O. B"ohtlingk, 'Kh^andogjopanishad (Leipzig, 1889), p. 23f.; 
Chaandogya Braahmanam, III (Kumbakonam, 1980), p. 60f.      

Anshuman Pandey <apandey at> wrote:
>I've come across, in the saamaveda and also in the chaandogya upaniShad,
>sequences of numbers within verses which I am assuming are some sort of
>notation system intended for accentuating syllables during chanting -
>usually in the manner of ''32111. I've included examples indicating this
>notation from the chaandogya upaniShad below.
>I would like to know what these numbers represent and what they
>are used for. I've considered looking at Wayne Howard's work on the
>notation of the Jaiminiiyas, but thought that as the chaandogya is of
>the Kauthuma shaakhaa, Howard's work might not be of much help. Perhaps
>such assumptions are not to be made, eh? Any suggestions as to any
>sources or treatises I could turn to, preferrably with English
>interpretation, to allow me further insight on this topic?
>Examples from the chaandogya upaniShad:
>(where ¥m+ indicates vedic anusvaara.)
>lo3kadvaaramapaavaa3rNuu 33 pashyema tvaa vaya¥m+
>raa 33333 hu 3 m.h aa 33 jyaa 3 yo 3 aa 32111 iti .. 2.24.4..
>lo3kadvaaramapaavaa3rNuu33 pashyema tvaa vayaM
>vairaa33333 hu3m.h aa33jyaa 3yo3aa32111iti .. 2.24.8..
>lo3kadvaaramapaavaa3rNuu33pashyema tvaa vaya¥m+ svaaraa 
>33333 hu3m.h aa33 jyaa3 yo3aa 32111 iti .. 2.24.12..
>aadityamatha vaishvadevaM lo3kadvaaramapaavaa3rNuu33 pashyema 
>tvaa vaya¥m+saamraa33333 hu3m.h aa33 jyaa3yo3aa 32111 iti .. 2.24.13..
>Thank you in advance.
>Anshuman Pandey
>Anshuman Pandey | apandey at | University of Washington
>  "Life is an impossible scheme, and love an imperceptible dream. 
>   Face the facts, that's what it's always been. Relax. What you 
>   see is what you've seen, What you get is a new philosophy."

Masato FUJII
Institute for Research in Humanities, Kyoto University
E-mail: fujii at
Phone: +81-75-753-6949
Fax: +81-75-753-6903 

More information about the INDOLOGY mailing list