Numeric notation in the SV and related works.

Anshuman Pandey apandey at
Wed Dec 4 02:50:05 UTC 1996


I've come across, in the saamaveda and also in the chaandogya upaniShad,
sequences of numbers within verses which I am assuming are some sort of
notation system intended for accentuating syllables during chanting -
usually in the manner of ''32111. I've included examples indicating this
notation from the chaandogya upaniShad below.

I would like to know what these numbers represent and what they
are used for. I've considered looking at Wayne Howard's work on the
notation of the Jaiminiiyas, but thought that as the chaandogya is of
the Kauthuma shaakhaa, Howard's work might not be of much help. Perhaps
such assumptions are not to be made, eh? Any suggestions as to any
sources or treatises I could turn to, preferrably with English
interpretation, to allow me further insight on this topic?

Examples from the chaandogya upaniShad:

(where \m+ indicates vedic anusvaara.)

lo3kadvaaramapaavaa3rNuu 33 pashyema tvaa vaya\m+
raa 33333 hu 3 m.h aa 33 jyaa 3 yo 3 aa 32111 iti .. 2.24.4..
lo3kadvaaramapaavaa3rNuu33 pashyema tvaa vayaM
vairaa33333 hu3m.h aa33jyaa 3yo3aa32111iti .. 2.24.8..
lo3kadvaaramapaavaa3rNuu33pashyema tvaa vaya\m+ svaaraa 
33333 hu3m.h aa33 jyaa3 yo3aa 32111 iti .. 2.24.12..
aadityamatha vaishvadevaM lo3kadvaaramapaavaa3rNuu33 pashyema 
tvaa vaya\m+saamraa33333 hu3m.h aa33 jyaa3yo3aa 32111 iti .. 2.24.13..

Thank you in advance.

Anshuman Pandey

Anshuman Pandey | apandey at | University of Washington

  "Life is an impossible scheme, and love an imperceptible dream. 
   Face the facts, that's what it's always been. Relax. What you 
   see is what you've seen, What you get is a new philosophy."

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