[INDOLOGY] Sanskrit infinitive expressing 'on account of'?

Martin Gansten martingansten at gmail.com
Thu Jan 18 21:19:58 UTC 2024

Thank you for that suggestion, Hans Henrich. Indeed, the /ca /should be 
taken seriously. And as Walter Slaje reminded me privately, /dyumna /is, 
of course, a noun (unlike /dyumat/, which I suppose was subconsciously 
at the root of my off-the-cuff translation), so something like 'wealth 
and fame' would be a better translation.

My gut feeling, as I said, is that /nigadan /is the better reading. It 
is also from a MS that, if Bhandarkar is correct, is some 200 years 
earlier than the one giving /gadituṃ/. I suspect that what may have 
happened is that, in the phrase /śubhāśubhā_ni ni_gadan/, one /ni/ was 
accidentally omitted in an earlier witness, leaving the verse one 
syllable short and leading a later, semi-literate copyist to emend 
/gadan/ to /gadituṃ/. I just wanted to check first if I was missing some 
obscure use of the infinitive, but so far it seems not.

Best wishes,

Den 2024-01-18 kl. 17:20, skrev Hock, Hans Henrich:
> Hi, Martin
> One possible solution is to take the _ca_ before _āpnuyāt_ seriously 
> and to construe the verb with two complements, one being _dyumna.m 
> yaśa.h_, the other _śubhāśubhāni gaditum_. In that case there would be 
> no problem with the interpretation of the infinitive
> Best wishes
> Hans Henrich
>> On Jan 18, 2024, at 06:37, Martin Gansten via INDOLOGY 
>> <indology at list.indology.info> wrote:
>>  The Sanskrit infinitive is commonly used in the sense 'for the sake 
>> of', much like the final dative of a noun. Recently, however, I came 
>> across a phrase where, if the reading is correct, it can only be 
>> understood in something like the opposite sense, that is, 'on account 
>> of' (corresponding more to the use of the ablative or instrumental):
>> /... atra śubhāśubhāni gadituṃ dyumnaṃ yaśaś cāpnuyāt
>> /
>> '[The astrologer], _on account of predicting_ good and evil, will 
>> attain bright fame.'
>> There is a variant reading /nigadan/, which would be entirely 
>> unproblematic and, I suspect, preferable; but I should like to know 
>> if any sort of case can be made for the lectio difficilior. I haven't 
>> come across such a use of the infinitive before. Has anyone else?
>> Best wishes,
>> Martin Gansten
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