[INDOLOGY] Avagraha (or lack of) in Kashmiri manuscripts

Elliot Stern emstern1948 at gmail.com
Sat May 6 14:18:44 UTC 2023

Dear Harry,

The use of avagraha to mark elision of an initial short a is not usual in Sanskrit mss. MacDonell,  for example,  says in his Sanskrit Grammar for Students (page 5):

The elision of अ a at the beginning of a word is marked in
European editions with the sign ऽ called Avaagraha ('separation'); e.g. तेऽपि te 'pi for ते अपि te pi.

Best wishes,


> On May 5, 2023, at 9:14 PM, Harry Spier via INDOLOGY <indology at list.indology.info> wrote:
> Dear list members,
> I'm looking at the manuscript ajñānadhvāntadīpikā by somanāthaḥ 
> As far as I can tell there are no avagrahas in the manuscript. 
> For example if you look at the end of line 5 on the attached 1st folio
> The end of verse 5 is संन्यासाःसप्रयोगाश्चवक्ष्यन्तेत्रसमासतः ५  
> Anirban Dash (and several others pointed out that this should be 
> संन्यासाःसप्रयोगाश्चवक्ष्यन्तेऽत्रसमासतः ५  
> As far as I can see there are no avagrahas  anywhere in the manuscript.
> Is this normal or unusual for Kashmiri manuscripts not to use avagraha.
> The manuscript can be downloaded from egangotri on archive.org <http://archive.org/> from  https://archive.org/details/AgyanDhvantaDeepikaShriSomnath4966Alm22Shlf4DevanagariTantra_201708
> Thanks,
> Harry Spier
> <VERSE 5.pdf>
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Elliot M. Stern
552 South 48th Street
Philadelphia, PA 19143-2029
emstern1948 at gmail.com

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