Lyne Bansat-Boudon Lyne.Bansat-Boudon at ephe.psl.eu
Sun Jan 17 10:43:52 UTC 2021

Dear Patrick,

You can also have a look into the Paramārthasāra of Abhinavagupta, verses 68 and 76, where the antaryāga is referred to, according to Śaiva speculations, in the context of bhāvanā and that of the theme (and doctrine) of  jīvanmukti. In my annotated translation of the text (see Bansat-Boudon and Tripathi, An Introduction to Tantric Philosophy, Routledge Studies in Tantric Traditions, 3, 2011, pp. 50, 243, 258), you will find references to other Śaiva texts, especially to Tantrāloka.

With best wishes,


Lyne Bansat-Boudon
Directeur d'études pour les Religions de l'Inde
Ecole pratique des hautes études, section des sciences religieuses
Membre senior honoraire de l'Institut universitaire de France
De : INDOLOGY <indology-bounces at list.indology.info> de la part de Asko Parpola via INDOLOGY <indology at list.indology.info>
Envoyé : dimanche 17 janvier 2021 08:56
À : patrick mccartney <psdmccartney at gmail.com>
Cc : Indology List <indology at list.indology.info>
Objet : Re: [INDOLOGY] fire

Dear Patrick,

The following studies discuss interiorized fire sacrifice:

Bentor, Yael, 2000. Interiorized fire rituals in India and in Tibet. Journal of the American Oriental Society  230 (4): 594-613.

 Bodewitz, H.W., 1973. Jaiminīya Brāhmaṇa I, 1-65. Translation and commentary, with a study Agnihotra and Prāṇāgnihotra. (Orientalia Rheno-Traiectina, 17.) Leiden: E.J. Brill.  376 pp.

Gupta, Sanjukta, 1992. Yoga and antaryāga in Pāñcarātra. Pp. 175-208 in: Teun Goudriaan (ed.), Ritual and speculation in early Tantrism: Studies in honor of André Padoux. (SUNY series in Tantric studies.) Albany: State University of New York Press.  Reprinted, (Sri Garib Dass Oriental Series, 163), Delhi: Sri Satguru Publications, 1993.

With best wishes, Asko

Asko Parpola
Professor emeritus of Indology
University of Helsinki

On 17 Jan 2021, at 8.31, patrick mccartney via INDOLOGY <indology at list.indology.info<mailto:indology at list.indology.info>> wrote:

Dear Friends,

During these winter months where I've been making a nightly fire to stare into and keep warm I became curious about textual references to the use of fire.
I'm generally wondering if there is any focused discussion around the following
verses in Manusmṛti pertaining to permitted uses of fire? I find this collection of verses interesting.

In 6.4 the 'forest dweller' is permitted to take
1 sacrificial fire and utensils with him.
In 6.23 he is instructed to use 5 fires and endure pañcatapa during summer.
In 6.23 he is instructed to increase the level of discomfort, leading to
the instruction in 6.25 to internalise the 3 sacred fires and then subsist without fire (he brought from home).

agnihotraṃ samādāya gṛhyaṃ cāgniparicchadam
grāmād araṇyaṃ niḥsṛtya nivasen niyatendriyaḥ // Manu_6.4

grīṣme pañcatapās tu syād varṣāsv abhrāvakāśikaḥ
ārdravāsās tu hemante kramaśo vardhayaṃs tapaḥ // Manu_6.23

upaspṛśaṃs triṣavaṇaṃ pitṝn devāṃś ca tarpayet
tapaś caraṃś cogrataraṃ śoṣayed deham ātmanaḥ // Manu_6.24

agnīn ātmani vaitānān samāropya yathāvidhi
anagnir aniketaḥ syān munir mūlaphalāśanaḥ // Manu_6.25

I'm specifically wondering if there is instruction made explicit (somewhere) about the route through which fire is internalised and how one might measure success of the process by which internalisation occurs.

Thank you.

All the best,

パトリック マッカートニー
Patrick McCartney, PhD
Research Affiliate - Organization for Identity and Cultural Development (OICD), Kyoto
Research Associate - Nanzan University Anthropological Institute, Nagoya, Japan
Visiting Fellow - South and South-east Asian Studies Department, Australian National University
Member - South Asia Research Institute (SARI), Australian National University

Skype / Zoom - psdmccartney
Phone + Whatsapp + Line:  +61410644259
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bodhapūrvam calema ;-)



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