[INDOLOGY] Continuing my Krishna verses

Jan E.M. Houben jemhouben at gmail.com
Tue Feb 12 05:23:21 UTC 2019

Nice balance of regular pathyā anuṣṭhubh ślokas and rare permitted
here (648) the na-vipulā in a and c give it a 'magic' touch;
followed by the next verse (649) with bha-vipulā in c:
हृदि ज्वलति कृष्णाग्नि: कृष्णचन्द्रोऽपि मे हृदि ।
कृष्णेन तप्तं हृदयं कृष्ण: शमयते करै: ।।६४९।।
The fire of Krishna burns in my heart, but the moon of Krishna also shines
in my heart.
Krishna calms my heart suffering for Krishna with his own hands.
As for karaiḥ in 649c, as it is intended as 'hands', apparently of the
personal Krishna, a strict application of Pāṇini (AA 1.4.22 dvyekayor
dvivacanaikavacane) would inevitably lead to the form karābhyām, which,
however, would give a hypermetric pāda of 9 syllables, and hence a conflict
with the principle api māṣaṁ maṣaṁ kuryāt chandobhaṅgaṁ na kārayet, which,
although it is not Pāṇini, is rather strictly followed in classical poetry.
Since taptam corresponds to the fire in pāda a, one could have a pāda d
corresponding more explicitly with the moon in pāda b: Krishna brings peace
through the beams of the moon, the Soma-beams: aṁśubhiḥ, which, as
'ṁśubhiḥ, would fit the metre perfectly. An objection could then
nevertheless be that this gives an undesirable mixture of styles:
everywhere expressions that are beautiful because of their simplicity, and
here suddenly a 'learned' expression aṁśubhiḥ as moon- or Soma-beams. At
the end, we can, then, leave the verse as created by the Poet as it is, and
only change the translation: instead of "with his own hands" the
translation of karaiḥ should be "with is own 'hands', i.e. moon-rays": the
plural itself indicates that kara stands not for 'hands' but for the rays,
in this case of the moon in pāda b.
Best, Jan


On Sat, 9 Feb 2019 at 15:03, Madhav Deshpande via INDOLOGY <
indology at list.indology.info> wrote:

> Continuing my Krishna verses
> कृष्ण त्वं यातुचतुर: सदा कर्षसि मे मन: ।
> निरानन्दं जगदिदं सानन्दं तव यातुना ।।६४८।।
> O Krishna, skilled in magic you always attract my mind. This joyless world
> becomes delightful because of your magic.
> Madhav M. Deshpande
> Professor Emeritus
> Sanskrit and Linguistics
> University of Michigan
> [Residence: Campbell, California]
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*Jan E.M. Houben*

Directeur d'Études, Professor of South Asian History and Philology

*Sources et histoire de la tradition sanskrite*

École Pratique des Hautes Études (EPHE, PSL - Université Paris)

*Sciences historiques et philologiques *

54, rue Saint-Jacques, CS 20525 – 75005 Paris

*johannes.houben at ephe.sorbonne.fr <johannes.houben at ephe.sorbonne.fr>*

*johannes.houben at ephe.psl.eu <johannes.houben at ephe.psl.eu>*


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