[INDOLOGY] Nirnay Sagar Font Regular weight completed.

Madhav Deshpande mmdesh at umich.edu
Wed Apr 10 18:49:00 UTC 2019

Looks excellent.  Have you designed the font in multiple weights? Italics?

Madhav M. Deshpande
Professor Emeritus
Sanskrit and Linguistics
University of Michigan
[Residence: Campbell, California]

On Wed, Apr 10, 2019 at 11:44 AM Krishnaprasad G via INDOLOGY <
indology at list.indology.info> wrote:

> Dear all
> The regular weight is now complete of Nirnaya Sagar. The earlier fonts
> announced as Vani Vilas is too from Nirnay sagar.
> An information about Nirnay Sagar Fonts
> Nitin Nimbalkar has posted an information on  Facebook and I am sharing
> here.
> This is the story of a nearly illiterate man who on his mere abilities
> became a renowned personality in printing business of 19th century. JAVJI
> was born in a poor Maharashtrian family in 1839. Having lost his father at
> a very tender age, Javji had to discontinue his education at the age of 9 &
> had to begin earning for his livelihood. Around the same time, Thomas
> Graham of American mission had started the Mission's "Type
> foundry"/printing press in Bhendi Bazar area. Javji joined the
> foundry/press on salary of Rs.2/- per month & was given a work of
> rubbing/polishing of Types (letter mould) in the foundry. He worked there
> for 10 yrs. & made himself so proficient in  Type cutting & casting that
> when the press was taken over by Times of India in 1859, Javjis service was
> continued with salary of Rs.10/- per month. In 1862 Javji left TOI & joined
> newly started InduPrakash press as Type-caster on salary of Rs.15/- & then
> to Oriental printing press on Rs.30/- & was assigned the work of Type
> founding. He mastered & further developed the art that he had  learnt in
> this period  & established his own Type-foundry in 1864 by borrowing
> capital of Rs.700/- from Firojshah Meharji, proprietor of Bombay Samachar &
> Khuma Sheth, a money lender. His efforts in Type cutting & subsequent
> inventions of Types were universally acclaimed & were in demand in foreign
> countries as well. Soon in addition to Type foundry he started his own
> Printing Press in 1867 in Kalbadevi area of Bombay.  Very next year in 1868
> Javji undertook printing of "Panchang" (almnac) by specially cutting the
> small "Types" for this work & named it "Nirnay Sagar" Panchang. Soon it was
> a part of almost every house hold in Maharashtra. He therefore named his
> press as Nirnay Sagar press. Sanskrit scripts had its own complexities for
> composing & printing where exact pronunciation needed to be reproduced
> while printing. Javji designed his own "Akhand Type" for Devnagari scripts.
> His Sanskrit publications under the banner of Nirnay Sagar became famous
> not only in India but all over the world where Sanskrit was studied. He was
> awarded Justice of Peace in 1892. Unfortunately in the same year he
> breathed his last after a brief illness. During his working span his
> foundry established 20 Marathi Type fonts, 40 English, 15 Gujarati and
> Hindi, 2 Hebrew & 1 Kannada Type fonts. Besides, he had casted 7 varieties
> of Types specially for (Vaidic) Sanskrit. In his life time Nirnay Sagar
> press published & printed 193 Sanskrit & 228 Marathi books of its own & the
> press and foundry together had employed 250 workers. His legacy was carried
> on by his son Tukaram Javji. The father son duo was honoured by naming two
> roads in Bombay's Tardeo area after them.
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