[INDOLOGY] Ardhamagadhi pavitthara, Sanskrit pravistara 'property'?

Rolf Heinrich Koch rolfheiner.koch at gmail.com
Sun Mar 25 13:52:47 UTC 2018

Dear Diego

a similar description in the Vasudevahiṇḍi (Vh) is probably helpful?

See Vh p. 144 lines 24-26


Am 25.03.2018 um 01:49 schrieb DIEGO LOUKOTA SANCLEMENTE via INDOLOGY:
>     Dear list members,
>     Is anyone familiar with the term /pavitthara/ in Ardhamāgadhī or 
> with its presumed Sanskrit etymon /pravistara/ in the sense of 
> 'property'? I am interested in understanding a recurring description 
> of wealth in the /Uvāsagadasāo/ that one encounters for the first time 
> in 1.4 (1.17, etc.) in connection to one wealthy Āṇanda. The passage 
> goes as follows in Hoernle's 1890 edition (p.3, lines 4-7):
> /tassa ṇaṃ āṇandassa gāhāvaïssa cattāri hiraṇakoḍio nihāṇapaüttāo, 
> cattāri /hiraṇakoḍio/ vaḍḍhipaüttāo, cattāri /hiraṇakoḍio/ 
> pavittharapaüttāo [...] hotthā
> /
> [roughly: /atha tasya ānandasya gṛhapateś catasro hiraṇyakoṭyo 
> nidhānaprayuktāś catasro /hiraṇyakoṭyo/ vṛddhiprayuktāś catasro 
> /hiraṇyakoṭyaḥ/ pravistaraprayuktāḥ [...] abhavan/]
> "The householder (banker/capitalist/businessman) Ānanda had four 
> crores of gold put in deposit, four crores of gold put on interest, 
> and four crores of gold put into /pavittha/"
>      In his translation, Hoernle renders /pavittha/ as 'well-stocked 
> estate' and invokes the following gloss from the Sanskrit commentary:  
> 'property consisting of treasure, grain, two-footed animals (incl. 
> servants), four-footed animals, etc' (p.8, n.12). Ratnacandra Muni's 
> "Illustrated Ardhamāgadhī Dictionary" gives 'property,' but none of 
> the occurrences that he mentions clarifies much its meaning as far as 
> I have been able to tell.
>     The triad might well read as "cash+debts+property,"  but I would 
> like to know how likely is 'property' as a meaning for this word 
> instead of the well attested 'extent, circumference.' I wonder if the 
> lexeme /vi-√stṛ/ might have some technical meaning that eludes me and 
> if /pavitthara /is soemwhat related to the compound 
> /vistīrṇaviśālaparigraha/ 'with extended and wide property' that 
> occurs in similarly stereotyped descriptions of wealth in the 
> /Mūlasarvāstivādavinaya/ and derived narrative collections, and that 
> might refer to land. Land (/khetta/), however, is separately treated 
> in the list of Āṇanda's assets in a later passage (1.19). Any help 
> would be greatly appreciated!
> /namaskaromi/,
>     Diego
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