Re: [INDOLOGY] gośāla and ardhatrika

Tieken, H.J.H. H.J.H.Tieken at
Fri Feb 9 19:52:05 UTC 2018

Dear Arlo,
In Aśoka's Minor Rock Edict 1, sentence C, we have aḍhātiyāni/aḍhatiyāni vasāni, or "two and a half years" (see P.K. Andersen, Studies in the Monor Rock Edicts of Aśoka I. Critical Edition, Freiburg 1990).

Herman Tieken
Stationsweg 58
2515 BP Den Haag
The Netherlands
00 31 (0)70 2208127
Van: INDOLOGY [indology-bounces at] namens Arlo Griffiths via INDOLOGY [indology at]
Verzonden: vrijdag 9 februari 2018 18:03
Aan: Seishi Karashima; indology at
Onderwerp: [INDOLOGY] gośāla and ardhatrika

Thanks to all those who responded, on or off list, to my query on gośāla etc. Here is another one:

I find ardhatrika in the meaning 'two and a half' in some inscriptions, but don't find the word in any dictionary I can access; some of the forms under CDIAL ardhatṛtīya to me rather look like they derive from ardhatrika.

Is there any Sanskrit dictionary (maybe the Pune Dict.?) with an entry ardhatrika that I am missing?

best wishes,

Arlo Griffiths

From: Seishi Karashima <skarashima at>
Sent: Friday, February 9, 2018 1:26 PM
To: Arlo Griffiths; indology at
Subject: Re: [INDOLOGY] Sanskrit gośāla, Prakrit gosāla, NIA gohāla

Dear Dr. Griffiths and colleagues,

ghoṣa "station of herdsmen" (MW); Pkt. ghosa "cowherd’s station" (for equivalents in modern languages, meaning "house", see CDIAL 4528) + -āla suffix (cf. AiG II, 2 § 178c; cf. also iṭṭāla, caṇḍāla, chinnāla etc.)?

With best wishes,

Seishi Karashima

IRIAB, Soka Univ.

PDF files of my works are placed on the following websites:<><>

2018-02-09 21:05 GMT+09:00 Arlo Griffiths via INDOLOGY <indology at<mailto:indology at>>:

Dear colleagues,

I am working with some inscriptions from 5th-century Bengal where it seems the word gohāla/gohālī (ultimately from Sanskrit gośāla) is used in the meaning 'hamlet', or in any case to indicate something larger than 'cow-shed'. But I have so far not found any dictionary, whether for Sanskrit, Prakrit or NIA wors, that gives clear support for any such meaning. The closest to anything like support is Sheth's Prakrit Dictionary, where the first meaning indicated for gosāla is deśaviśeṣa. Can anyone help me determine on what textual passages this meaning is based? Can anyone cite other examples from any Indo-Aryan languages where a word related to Sanskrit gośāla means something like 'hamlet'?

Thank you.

Arlo Griffiths

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