[INDOLOGY] gośāla and ardhatrika

Arlo Griffiths arlogriffiths at hotmail.com
Fri Feb 9 17:03:15 UTC 2018

Thanks to all those who responded, on or off list, to my query on gośāla etc. Here is another one:

I find ardhatrika in the meaning 'two and a half' in some inscriptions, but don't find the word in any dictionary I can access; some of the forms under CDIAL ardhatṛtīya to me rather look like they derive from ardhatrika.

Is there any Sanskrit dictionary (maybe the Pune Dict.?) with an entry ardhatrika that I am missing?

best wishes,

Arlo Griffiths

From: Seishi Karashima <skarashima at gmail.com>
Sent: Friday, February 9, 2018 1:26 PM
To: Arlo Griffiths; indology at list.indology.info
Subject: Re: [INDOLOGY] Sanskrit gośāla, Prakrit gosāla, NIA gohāla

Dear Dr. Griffiths and colleagues,

ghoṣa "station of herdsmen" (MW); Pkt. ghosa "cowherd’s station" (for equivalents in modern languages, meaning "house", see CDIAL 4528) + -āla suffix (cf. AiG II, 2 § 178c; cf. also iṭṭāla, caṇḍāla, chinnāla etc.)?

With best wishes,

Seishi Karashima

IRIAB, Soka Univ.

PDF files of my works are placed on the following websites:







2018-02-09 21:05 GMT+09:00 Arlo Griffiths via INDOLOGY <indology at list.indology.info<mailto:indology at list.indology.info>>:

Dear colleagues,

I am working with some inscriptions from 5th-century Bengal where it seems the word gohāla/gohālī (ultimately from Sanskrit gośāla) is used in the meaning 'hamlet', or in any case to indicate something larger than 'cow-shed'. But I have so far not found any dictionary, whether for Sanskrit, Prakrit or NIA wors, that gives clear support for any such meaning. The closest to anything like support is Sheth's Prakrit Dictionary, where the first meaning indicated for gosāla is deśaviśeṣa. Can anyone help me determine on what textual passages this meaning is based? Can anyone cite other examples from any Indo-Aryan languages where a word related to Sanskrit gośāla means something like 'hamlet'?

Thank you.

Arlo Griffiths

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