[INDOLOGY] Double sandhi

Nityanand Misra nmisra at gmail.com
Tue Sep 13 01:30:26 UTC 2016

On 13 September 2016 at 02:12, Robert Goldman <rpg at berkeley.edu> wrote:

> Dear Martin and David,
> One reason this phenomenon is called *ārṣa* is that it is quite common in
> the epic texts (the texts of the *ṛṣi*-s) such as, e.g. your *Gītā*
> passage.  There are, for example some nine examples in the critical edition
> (and apparatus) of the *Uttarakāṇḍa* of the *Vālmīkirāmāyaṇa*.
> Best,
A famous example in the *Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa* is from the *Ayodhyākāṇḍa* (I
have not checked if this is in the critical edition):
*na cīramasyāḥ pravidhīyateti* (VR 2.37.34)
where we have
*pravidhīyate + iti -> pravidhīyata iti -> pravidhīyateti*
The *Tilaka *commentary explains this by saying that the rule *na mu ne *(A
8.2.3) is to be split into two by *yogavibhāga*:
*pravidhīyatetītyatra sandhistu ‘na mu ne’ ityatra yogavibhāgena
kvacittripādyā asiddhatvābhāvajñāpanādārṣatvādvā* (VR Tilaka 2.37.34)
This is explained in further detail in the attached pages of

Another example form the *Bhagavadgītā:*
*he kṛṣṇa he yādava he sakheti* (BG 11.41)
where we have
*sakhe iti -> sakha iti -> sakheti*

And this example from the *Adhyātma Rāmāyaṇa*
*mama jāyeti sīteti* (AR 3.8.20)
For which multiple explanations are offered in
Vimarśaḥ *(see the attachment)*.*

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