[INDOLOGY] crossing oceans?

Nivedita Rout nivi71r at yahoo.co.in
Fri Oct 14 05:05:38 UTC 2016

I am referring here only the textual reference of the symbolism of the phrase of crossing ocean which is recorded in Nirukta (2.10): samudra (sam+ud+dru: waters flow up) or (sam+abhi+dru waters flow towards it) is understood as the passage between earth and heaven. One may find the detail explanation of the same under Nirukta 2.10. 

      From: Dominik Wujastyk <wujastyk at gmail.com>
 To: Indology <indology at list.indology.info> 
 Sent: Thursday, October 13, 2016 6:12 PM
 Subject: [INDOLOGY] crossing oceans?

Why is half the religious literature of early India concerned with "crossing the ocean of saṃsāra," when crossing a real ocean was forbidden for twice-born members of society?  Why that metaphor in particular?  
Crossing fords, rivers, etc., makes metaphorical sense, and was allowed.  But oceans?

Professor Dominik Wujastyk*
Singhmar Chair in Classical Indian Society and Polity
Department of History and Classics
University of Alberta, Canada


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