[INDOLOGY] Sandhi breaks in longer meters
mmdesh at umich.edu
Thu Jul 28 14:46:33 UTC 2016
Yes, Jonathan, the external sandhi is optional according to grammarians,
and yet the convention of metrical Sanskrit is that the sandhis are pretty
much obligatory. The break in Sandhi comes after the half-verse or
ardha-ṛc in Vedic verses. Only rarely is there a sandhi break within a
metrical line. On the other hand, there are hyper or double sandhis
occasionally in older metrical texts, e.g. saḥ + eṣaḥ > sa eṣaḥ, but
metrically occasionally one notices saiṣa, and Pāṇini allows such double
sandhis for filling the metrical space (so'ci lope cet pādapūraṇam).
Breaking the sandhis in metrical lines is done as part of interpretation,
but not as part of recitation, since with broken sandhis, the metrical
lines are no longer complaint with rules of a specific meter.
On Thu, Jul 28, 2016 at 10:30 AM, Jonathan Silk <kauzeya at gmail.com> wrote:
> I hardly dare to comment when my teacher, Madhav Deshpande, is on this
> list as well, and what little I know I know from him, but.... I recall very
> well learning that external sandhi is, according to the grammarians, always
> In other words, the use of sandhi is a convention, so the question might
> be slightly rephrased as: what are the conventions of the poets, and of the
> scribes. No?
> (Perhaps, as is quite likely, of course, this was implied in the question,
> and I should have kept my ideas to myself.
> Sorry ;)
> On Thu, Jul 28, 2016 at 4:26 PM, Valerie Roebuck <vjroebuck at btinternet.com
> > wrote:
>> Correction: I meant ‘at the end of one line’.
>> > I’ve just had a quick look at an edition of the Saundaryalaharī, in
>> Śikhariṇī (17 syllables to a line), and sandhi is broken only between half
>> verses and whole verses. For example, there's a ś at the end of one
>> half-line followed by a c at the beginning of the next.
>> Valerie J Roebuck
>> Manchester, UK
>> > On 28 Jul 2016, at 15:07, Harry Spier <hspier.muktabodha at gmail.com>
>> > Dear list members,
>> > In the longer sanskrit meters (Vasantatilaka for examplbe 14 syllables
>> to a line) is Sandhi broken after each line or only after the half verse
>> and end of verse.
>> > Thank you,
>> > Vasishtha
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> J. Silk
> Leiden University
> Leiden University Institute for Area Studies, LIAS
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