Re: [INDOLOGY] Question: 360 non-Buddhist schools in Bhāvaviveka
David and Nancy Reigle
dnreigle at gmail.com
Sat Oct 31 19:00:03 UTC 2015
This information is very helpful. It is quite possible that Bhāviveka (this
form of his name is now better attested than Bhāvaviveka) drew this list
from some Mīmāṃsā commentary. So the Mīmāṃsā scholars here may be able to
help in searching for this list.
As for Tibetan sources, at the Tibetan Buddhist Resource Center website (
tbrc.org) one can now search their whole collection of etexts
electronically (http://tbrc.org/#library_BannerAdvanced). Thus, a search
for bcings nas 'dug pa yielded ten matches, some of which were Tengyur
texts. With luck, one of these will have an extant Sanskrit original that
can then be checked.
It appears that this list is repeated in several texts. Two of these are
from a collection of kośas (in the sense of the Amara-kośa) and their
commentaries. One appears to be the Yānāgraratnakośa, and one appears to be
the Cintāratnakośa-vṛtti, Puṇḍarīka-nama. Thus it is quite possible
took this list from a kośa or its commentary. So the extant Sanskrit kośas,
too, may be checked by Sanskrit scholars here.
Also, variant readings in the Tibetan will be important here. You may wish
to consult this text in the Comparative Tengyur, vol. 58. This very
conveniently collates the Peking, Narthang, and Co-ne editions with the
Derge, taking the Derge as base, and giving the differing readings from the
other editions in endnotes.
Wishing you success,
On Sat, Oct 31, 2015 at 10:59 AM, Anna Johnson <anna.anna.j at gmail.com>
> Dear David,
> The quote is from Chapter 9 (Mīmāṃsa), verse 19 of the Madhyamakahṛdaya.
> The list is included within his commentary on the line:
> sarvasyāgamatāsiddheḥ kiṃ tattvamiti dhāryatām
> kun gyi lung yang ‘grub ‘gyur bas
> nges par gang gi de nyid bzung
> To see the list of non-Buddhist schools in Tibetan, see the Derge edition:
> Tarkajvālā, 9; Toh. 3856 Tengyur, dbu ma, *dza*, 278a5.
> Of the 121 schools (out of the 363) that Bhāvaviveka lists, there were a
> few that were not difficult to trace to a Sanskrit original.
> For example, sang rgyas pa = Bauddha; tsho ba pa = Jīvaka; khyab ‘jug pa =
> Vaiṣṇava. However the majority are less obvious, such as "bcings nas ‘dug
> pa" - Those who remain bound(?).
> If a list of all 121 schools translated roughly from Tibetan to English
> would be helpful, I can supply that as well.
> I appreciate any leads to references of these schools elsewhere, hopefully
> in Sanskrit. Or, if another scholar has already done the work of
> retro-translation, please inform me.
> Thank you,
> Anna Johnson
> PhD Candidate
> Asian Languages and Cultures
> University of Michigan - Ann Arbor
> On Oct 31, 2015, at 9:25 AM, Madhav Deshpande <mmdesh at umich.edu> wrote:
> Can you respond to this query from David and Nancy? Best,
> Madhav Deshpande
> On Sat, Oct 31, 2015 at 8:20 AM, David and Nancy Reigle <
> dnreigle at gmail.com> wrote:
>> Dear Madhav,
>> Can you give us the reference to the chapter and verse in Bhāviveka's
>> Madhyamakahṛdaya on which his Tarkajvālā commentary contains this list?
>> Thanks. It will be helpful to see these names in order to try to trace them
>> Best regards,
>> David Reigle
>> Colorado, U.S.A.
>> On Sat, Oct 31, 2015 at 4:53 AM, Madhav Deshpande <mmdesh at umich.edu>
>>> Dear Colleagues,
>>> A student of mine, Ann Johnson, is reading Bhāvaviveka's
>>> Tarkajvālā, in Tibetan, and found a reference to a list of 360 non-Buddhist
>>> schools. She has listed more than 100 of these names in English
>>> translation from Tibetan. I would like to know if there is anywhere in
>>> Buddhist literature, a Sanskrit list of these or similar non-Buddhist
>>> schools. Since the Tarkajvālā is not available in its Sanskrit original,
>>> figuring out the original Sanskrit names of these schools from their
>>> Tibetan translations is a challenging task. Any help would be appreciated.
>>> Madhav M. Deshpande
>>> Professor of Sanskrit and Linguistics
>>> Department of Asian Languages and Cultures
>>> 202 South Thayer Street, Suite 6111
>>> The University of Michigan
>>> Ann Arbor, MI 48104-1608, USA
>>> INDOLOGY mailing list
>>> INDOLOGY at list.indology.info
>>> indology-owner at list.indology.info (messages to the list's managing
>>> http://listinfo.indology.info (where you can change your list options
>>> or unsubscribe)
> Madhav M. Deshpande
> Professor of Sanskrit and Linguistics
> Department of Asian Languages and Cultures
> 202 South Thayer Street, Suite 6111
> The University of Michigan
> Ann Arbor, MI 48104-1608, USA
-------------- next part --------------
An HTML attachment was scrubbed...
More information about the INDOLOGY