[INDOLOGY] Sources for verses on fate/karma

David and Nancy Reigle dnreigle at gmail.com
Sun May 24 14:07:07 UTC 2015

Dear Martin,

Regarding your third verse:

nābhuktaṃ kṣīyate karma kalpakoṭiśatair api |
avaśyam eva bhoktavyaṃ kṛtaṃ karma śubhāśubham ||

You are no doubt aware of a similar verse that is found in a number of
Buddhist texts. An early source for it has recently been published, from
which I here quote it:

na praṇaśyanti karmāṇi kalpakoṭiśatair api |
sāmagrīṃ prāpya kālaṃ ca phalanti khalu dehināṃ ||

This is from the *Dhanapālakavaineyas**ūtra*, published in *A Unique
Collection of Twenty S**ūtras in a Sanskrit Manuscript from the Potala*,
editions and translation by Bhikṣuṇī Vinītā, vol. I,2, p. 692 (Sanskrit
Texts from the Tibetan Autonomous Region, no. 7/2. Beijing -- Vienna: China
Tibetology Publishing House, Austrian Academy of Sciences Press, 2010).

While this does not answer your question, I thought it worthwhile to cite
this recently available old source for the similar Buddhist verse.

Best regards,

David Reigle
Cotopaxi, Colorado, U.S.A.

On Sun, May 24, 2015 at 1:22 AM, Martin Gansten <martin.gansten at pbhome.se>

>  Balabhadra in the early 17th century quotes several verses on the topic
> of niyati/daiva and karma. I have found some of these in other works but
> not others, and even for the ones I have found, I suspect there are earlier
> or more common sources. Any help with attributing the following would be
> much appreciated:
> 1. Attributed to Śaunaka:
> yena tu yat prāptavyaṃ tasya vidhānaṃ sureśasacivo ’pi |
> yaḥ sākṣān niyatijñaḥ so ’pi na śakyo ’nyathā kartum || iti |
> 2. No attribution, but found (with variants) in Pañcadaśī 156 and
> Mahāsubhāṣitasaṃgraha 3283:
> avaśyambhāvibhāvānāṃ pratīkāro bhaved yadi |
> tadā duḥkhair na bādhyeran nalarāmayudhiṣṭhirāḥ ||
> 3. No attribution, but apparently popular -- found (with variants) in
> Nāradapurāṇa 1.31.69 and 2.29.18 and Mahāsubhāṣitasaṃgraha 3292 (also
> quoted in Āyurvedadīpikā and Satyaśāsanaparīkṣā); the question is what
> would be either the earliest source or the most common/typical one in the
> early 1600s:
> nābhuktaṃ kṣīyate karma kalpakoṭiśatair api |
> avaśyam eva bhoktavyaṃ kṛtaṃ karma śubhāśubham ||
> 4. Attributed simply to smṛti:
> hanyate durbalaṃ daivaṃ pauruṣeṇa vipaścitā
> Many thanks in advance!
> Martin Gansten
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