[INDOLOGY] Does anyone know of Sanskrit works that use 2nd-syllable rhyming?

Suresh Kolichala suresh.kolichala at gmail.com
Tue Jul 28 10:53:12 UTC 2015

*Śivapaṁcākṣarīnakṣatramāla *attributed to Adi Sankara shows *dvitīyākṣaraprāsa
*in all of its 27 ślokas.



On Tue, Jul 28, 2015 at 1:14 AM, Andrew Ollett <andrew.ollett at gmail.com>

> Second-syllable rhyme is also a sine qua non in Kannada poetry, and
> Jayakīrti uses it in his definitions/examples (all in Sanskrit) of
> different verse-forms in the Chandonuśāsana (ca. 1000 CE)---not just in the
> seventh chapter, where J. exemplifies some Kannada meters, but also
> occasionally in the sixth, which treats of Prakrit and Apabhraṃśa meters.
> According to Yigal Bronner and David Shulman ("A Cloud Turned Goose" in
> IESHR 43 in 2006), it's also used in later Sanskrit works by Tamil authors
> (Śākalya Malla's *Udārarāghava* and Nīlakaṇṭha Dīkṣita's *Śivalīlārṇava*).
> On Tue, Jul 28, 2015 at 10:15 AM, Dominic Goodall <
> dominic.goodall at gmail.com> wrote:
>> A late reaction to an earlier thread.
>> Setting aside the question of dating, which is so often contentious, I am
>> always *amazed* when people tell me that they are not convinced that the
>> *Bhāgavatapurāṇa* is a Southern production.  The work is full of
>> Southern touches, many of which have been pointed out by a variety of
>> scholars over the last century.  Yes, ok, there are also Northern touches,
>> but why should that be surprising for a Southern work ?  The South seems
>> always long to have been more conscious of the North than the North has
>> been of the South.  It is full, for example, of rather long-standing
>> Northern sacred toponyms (Tenkasi = “Benares of the South”; Madurai =
>> Mathurā, etc.; and, of course Southern rivers are regularly equated with
>> the Gaṅgā and Yamunā), whereas there are no old instances of a “Northern”
>> Kāñcī or Śrīraṅgam or Chidambam, nor of the "Kāverī of the North”.
>> Or are there ?
>> Similarly, the high literary style of the Bhāgavata, involving, in some
>> parts, a high concentration of Vedic archaisms seems sometimes to be
>> mentioned as though it were a factor that might suggest high antiquity and
>> a provenance somewhere in the North.  But at what time in any part of the
>> Sanskritic world would Vedic literature not have been prestigious and
>> accessible to Veda-knowers seeking to write in a consciously archaising
>> style?
>> But what about an element of style that not nearly as many authors would
>> have been similarly motivated to copy ?
>> Second-syllable rhyming, in which just the consonant of the second
>> syllable of each verse-quarter is rhymed, is abundantly present in
>> post-Sangam Tamil literature and ubiquitous (or, if not, at least pretty
>> nearly so) in the devotional literature of the Āḻvārs and Nāyaṉmārs, while
>> being extremely rare in Sanskrit verse composition.  An example will make
>> this clear:
>> BhP_10.31.001/1 ja*ya*ti te 'dhikaṃ janmanā vrajaḥ śra*ya*ta indirā
>> śaśvad atra hi
>> BhP_10.31.001/3 da*yi*ta dṛśyatāṃ dikṣu tāvakās tva*yi* dhṛtāsavas tvāṃ
>> vicinvate
>> BhP_10.31.002/1 śa*ra*dudāśaye sādhujātasatsa*ra*sijodaraśrīmuṣā dṛśā
>> BhP_10.31.002/3 su*ra*tanātha te 'śulkadāsikā va*ra*da nighnato neha kiṃ
>> vadhaḥ
>> BhP_10.31.003/1 vi*ṣa*jalāpyayād vyālarākṣasād var*ṣa*mārutād
>> vaidyutānalāt
>> BhP_10.31.003/3 vṛ*ṣa*mayātmajād viśvato bhayād ṛ*ṣa*bha te vayaṃ
>> rakṣitā muhuḥ
>> BhP_10.31.004/1 na *kha*lu gopīkānandano bhavān a*khi*ladehinām
>> antarātmadṛk
>> BhP_10.31.004/3 vi*kha*nasārthito viśvaguptaye sa*kha* udeyivān sātvatāṃ
>> kule
>> I had long thought that this argument, expressed in 1996, would be a
>> clincher, at least for the devotional verses in which second-syllable
>> rhyming occurs, for proving Southernness, since I don’t know of any other
>> Sanskrit works that use this feature.
>> But Sanskrit literature is vast, hence this appeal:
>> Does anyone know of any other Sanskrit works that use such 2nd-syllable
>> rhyming?
>> Dominic Goodall
>> École française d'Extrême-Orient,
>> 19, rue Dumas,
>> Pondicherry 605001
>> Tel. +91 413 2334539
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