[INDOLOGY] Fwd: Eight types of marriages ...

George Thompson gthomgt at gmail.com
Thu Apr 9 20:00:14 UTC 2015

---------- Forwarded message ----------
From: George Thompson <gthomgt at gmail.com>
Date: Thu, Apr 9, 2015 at 3:54 PM
Subject: Re: [INDOLOGY] Eight types of marriages ...
To: rajam <rajam at earthlink.net>

Dear Rajam,

There is a valuable discussion of the eight types of marriage in Vedic in
Stephanie Jamison's book *Sacrificed Wife, Sacrificer's Wife* Oxford Univ.
Press, 1996.  See section V "Women and Marriage."

Best wishes,


On Thu, Apr 9, 2015 at 1:23 PM, rajam <rajam at earthlink.net> wrote:

> Dear List Members,
> I’m re-searching/re-studying the Tamil text iRaiyanAr kaLaviyal (iṟaiyaṉār
> kaḷaviyal; இறையனார் களவியல்).
> In this text, a comparison is made between the “gandharva” type
> of marriage among the “eight types of marriages” (of the Vedic tradition?)
> to kaLavu (kaḷavu; களவு) of the Tamil type.
> I would appreciate to have access to the earliest reference (and relevant
> interpretations) of the “eight types of marriages (ashTavivAha)” as
> mentioned in the Vedic (?) tradition.
> I have several questions, but for now here are my specific questions:
> 1. In which type of marriage(s) did a woman have the right to choose her
> partner/husband?
> 2. What was the basic criterion for giving away a bride in marriage to
> someone OR taking a bride?
> 3. What is told/informed to a bride and groom during the wedding ceremony
> about “marital fidelity?”
> 4. What is the precise Vedic (?) term for “marital fidelity?”
> Thanks and regards,
> V.S.Rajam
> _______________________________________________
> INDOLOGY mailing list
> INDOLOGY at list.indology.info
> http://listinfo.indology.info

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