[INDOLOGY] Hathayogapradipika 1.38

Jason Birch letusconnect at hotmail.com
Thu Nov 20 18:05:07 UTC 2014

Dear Kenneth Zysk,
In the Dattātreyayogaśāstra, there is a verse in which ahiṃsā is regarded as a niyama. The Dattātreyayogaśāstra was probably written three or four centuries before the Haṭhapradīpikā.
laghvāhāras tu teṣv eko mukhyo bhavati nāpare |ahiṃsā niyameṣv eko mukhyo bhavati nāpare||33||
In fact, Svātmārāma borrows other verses from the Dattātreyayogaśāstra, so HP 1.38ab may have been inspired by DYŚ 33.
You are right to say that HP 1.16-17 were appended. In Kaivalyadhama's critical edition, only one of the eleven manuscripts in the apparatus has these verses on yama and niyama. However, they do appear in the four printed editions consulted by the editors. Also, I recall that the version of the text commented on by Brahmānanda includes the verses on yama/niyama and, presumably, nearly all modern editions have followed this.
Best wishes,

> ------------------------------
> Message: 4
> Date: Thu, 20 Nov 2014 07:01:55 +0000
> From: Kenneth Gregory Zysk <zysk at hum.ku.dk>
> To: "indology at list.indology.info" <indology at list.indology.info>
> Subject: [INDOLOGY] Hathayogapradipika 1.38
> Message-ID:
> 	<D08C2A94323FEC4D8F5E930CABEF2FDD3F7CC611 at exmbx1.hum2005.hum.ku.dk>
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> This comes as a request from a student. Any help would be most appreciated:
> My question concerns  the Ha?hyogaprad?pik? 1.38 which states:
> The Siddhas know that as among yamas a moderate diet is the most important, and among niyamas, harmlessness (ahi?s?), so among all the ?sanas is the siddh?sana.
> In 1.16 ? of what is presumably an appended part ? we are taught that ahi?s? pertains to the yamas; so why this obvious inconsistency? Is there any scriptural precedence to this case, where ahi?s? can be found within the niyamas?
> Kenneth Zysk, PhD, DPhil
> Head of Indology
> Department of Cross-Cultural and Regional Studies
> University of Copenhagen
> Karen Blixens Vej 4, Bygn. 10,
> DK-2300 Copenhagen S    Denmark
> Ph:  +45 3532 8951                      Email: zysk at hum.ku.dk<mailto:zysk at hum.ku.dk>
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