Fwd: [INDOLOGY] Tibeten~Sanskrit Idiom Query

Dominik Wujastyk wujastyk at GMAIL.COM
Fri Jun 24 13:50:45 UTC 2011

Dear colleagues, I thought Gary's message had gone to the group.  With his
permission, here it is:

---------- Forwarded message ----------
From: Gary Tubb <tubb at uchicago.edu>
Date: 23 June 2011 12:35
Subject: Re: [INDOLOGY] Tibeten~Sanskrit Idiom Query
To: Dominik Wujastyk <wujastyk at gmail.com>

Although the repetition in "dviṣaṃ dviṣam" might suggest that the author had
the gerund in mind, there are two problems.  One is the morphological
expectation that the first syllable in such forms will always be heavy,
which for a root with a short vowel followed by a single consonant is
regularly achieved by guna strengthening: dveṣaṃ dveṣam.  The second is the
syntactical expectation that the agent of the gerund will be the same as the
agent of the main verb, namely the physician rather than the patient.

It might be better to take this as the accusative of the nominal form dviṣ.
Then I suppose the repetition might still express repeated or habitual
behavior, as reflected in Dominik's translation (rather than being
distributive, referring to a hater of both physicians and kings).  This
raises the further question, though, of whether it refers as an adjective
simply to a patient who is hostile (in behavior or personality), or as a
substantive to one who is (politically or professionally?) an opponent.


Gary Tubb, Professor
Department of South Asian Languages and Civilizations
The University of Chicago

-------------- next part --------------
An HTML attachment was scrubbed...
URL: <https://list.indology.info/pipermail/indology/attachments/20110624/2ded5db9/attachment.htm>

More information about the INDOLOGY mailing list