Perfect of the root VYAI/VII ( (VYE: "vye ñ" Dhaatupaa.tha)

Christophe Vielle christophe.vielle at UCLOUVAIN.BE
Fri Jul 15 16:31:18 UTC 2011

Dear Colleagues,

I hesitate about the forms of the perfect of the 
root VYAI/VII (VYE MW: "vyeñ" 
Dhaatupaa.tha). As Whitney §801c (p. 290, Harvard 
University Press repr. 1950, in digital form at: 
states: "the grammairians require the strong 
forms to be made from VYAY, and the weak from 
VII", whereas the forms vivyathus and vivye "and 
no others have been met with in use" (so. the 
3d/1st sg. vivyaaya, from P. 6.1.46, and 2nd sg. 
vivyayitha, from P. 7.2.66, found in 
Böhtlingk&Roth's Dict. and Whitney's Roots s.v.; 
cf. the 3d pl. vivyu.h (Maagha) versus vivyayu.h 
(Bha.t.t.i) discussed in Durgha.taV. 6.1.108, and 
the 3d pl. vivyu.h and 3d dual vivyatuh explained 
ibid. 8.2.78).
The useful tool created by Gerard Huet, called 
"The Sanskrit Grammarian" 
( - 
conjugation), generates the following forms :
Active:	sg. vivyaaya, vivyayitha, vivyaaya
	dual viviva, vivyathu.h, vivyatu.h
	plural vivima, vivya, vivyu.h
Middle:	sg. vivye,, vivye
	dual viviivahe, vivyaathe, vivyaate
	plural viviimahe, viviidhve, viviire
But I wonder if it is not possible to rather have 
in the 1st dual and plural A: vivyiva and 
vivyima, following the forms ninyiva and ninyima 
of NII, and samely in the Middle Voice, // NII, 
the 2nd sg, 1st dual and plural 
vivyivahe vivyimahe, and 2nd-3d pl. vivyire.

Thank you for your grammatical comments, also on 
the 'alternative' forms A. 1st sg. viviya and 2nd 
sg. viviktha that I found in Hanxleden's grammar 
given as such.

Christophe Vielle

Sign-up to Dropbox using the following link and get 2.25 gigabytes of
storage free.

-------------- next part --------------
An HTML attachment was scrubbed...
URL: <>

More information about the INDOLOGY mailing list