Date of usage of the word Bhaarata to denote India

Veeranarayana Pandurangi veerankp at GMAIL.COM
Thu Jan 6 13:17:48 UTC 2011

there are few verses can be quoted here for a rethinking
(I am not sure of exact location or numbers of references quoted)

अत्रापि भारतं श्रेष्ठं जम्बूद्वीपे महामुने।
यतो हि कर्मभूरेषा ह्यतोन्या भोगभूमयः।।  विष्णुपुराणे quoted in वीरमित्रोदय

अहो बतैषां किमकारि शोभनं प्रसन्न एषां स्विदुत स्वयं हरिः।
यैर्जन्म लब्धं नृषु भारताजिरे मुकुन्दसेवौपयिकस्पृहात्मभिः।।
कल्पायुषां स्थानजयात् पुनर्भवात् क्षणायुषां भारतभूजयो वरः। भागवते

भारतद्वीपदेशो वै दक्षिणे बहुविस्तरः।
एवमेकमिदं वर्षं बहुद्वीपमिहोच्यते।। वायुपुराणे 48.42

संप्राप्य भारते जन्म सत्कर्मसु पराङ्मुखः। बृहन्नारदीये 3.65-71

On Sun, Jan 2, 2011 at 12:56 PM, Dipak Bhattacharya <
dbhattacharya200498 at> wrote:

> That  the name bhāratavarṣa could have been known in Asoka’s time may not
> be improbable.  But should bhārata always qualify a region/land? Cn., Rv
> 3.53.12 viśvā́mitrasya rakṣati bráhmedáṃ bhā́rataṃ jánam. The reference
> is to a people/tribe.  The name Mahābhāratam refers to the great war of the
> Bharatas
> Best
> DB
> --- On Sun, 2/1/11, Ashok Aklujkar <ashok.aklujkar at UBC.CA> wrote:
> From: Ashok Aklujkar <ashok.aklujkar at UBC.CA>
> Subject: Re: [INDOLOGY] Date of usage of the word Bhaarata to denote India
> Date: Sunday, 2 January, 2011, 11:17 AM
> <> 2.3.1:
> uttara.m yat samudrasya himaadre;s caiva /
> tad bhaarata.m naama. bhaaratii yatra/tatra sa.mtati.h //
> Unless the uncompounded bhaarata referred to a specific region on its own,
> it would not have appeared in an appositional construction with
> The ViP verse I have cited is followed by verses mentioning the
> nava-yojana-saahasra extent and listing of the kula-parvatas etc. So, its
> Bhaarata could not have been very different from the modern pre-Partition
> India.
> That the A;sokan inscriptions show awareness of Jambu-dviipa cannot imply
> that Bhaarata as a country/region name was not known in the time of the
> inscriptions. The same point can be made with respect to Manu's/Bh.rgu's
> (2.22) mention of Aaryaavarta. Note also that the context in which the
> Manu-sm.rti mention occurs is not oriented toward giving a geography of the
> entire subcontinent. Its principal concern is places suitable for a Brahmin
> to live.
> The ViP is usually considered to be a relatively early as I
> recall.
> ashok aklujkar
> On 2010-12-24, at 11:12 PM, Christopher Wallis wrote:
> >  My
> > author uses Bhaarata to mean "all the land in which tiirthas are found"
> so
> > that is clearly not just north India.  Does anyone else have any further
> > evidence to date this usage?

Veeranarayana N.K. Pandurangi
Head, Dept of Darshanas,
Yoganandacharya Bhavan,
Jagadguru Ramanandacharya Rajasthan Samskrita University, Madau, post
Bhankrota, Jaipur, 302026.

अथ चेत्त्वमिमं धर्म्यं संग्रामं न करिष्यसि।
ततः स्वधर्मं कीर्तिं च हित्वा पापमवाप्स्यसि।।
तस्मादुत्तिष्ठ कौन्तेय युद्धाय कृतनिश्चयः।
निराशीर्निर्ममो भूत्वा युध्यस्व विगतज्वरः।। (भ.गी.)

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