mana in heart or head?

Dominik Wujastyk ucgadkw at UCL.AC.UK
Wed Apr 8 09:03:06 UTC 2009

Hi, Peter,

The Bhelasamhita is unique in being an ancient Skt text that locates mind, 
manas, in the head (between the palate and the skull).  References in 
Bhelasamhita ch.8, e.g.,

śirastālvantaragataṃ sarvendriyaparaṃ manaḥ 2cd


ūrdhvaṃ prakupitā doṣāḥ śirastālvantare sthitāḥ 10ab


Dr Dominik Wujastyk

long term email address: wujastyk at

On Wed, 8 Apr 2009, Peter Friedlander wrote:

> Dear Colleagues,
> I am looking at a, probably 16th century Nath Siddha work, the Gorakh Machindra bodh, and note that in it the seat of the mana is still located in the heart, not the head.
?? Nowadays in Hindi mana means both the heart and the mind, but I am not sure when it began its migration up into the head as it is now imagined. In particular was it only under the influence of western thought or are there pre-colonial period texts which speak of the seat of thought as being in the head?
?? regards
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> Peter Friedlander
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