mccomas mccomas at CRES.ANU.EDU.AU
Mon Oct 14 01:37:51 UTC 2002

>Dear Friends
>Swans are very rare or vagrants in India. Is it more likely that our
>authors would write about a ha.msa, they would refer to a relatively
>common birds, the goose, or a rare one (one of the swans)? When the texts
>mentions ham.sa, they almost certainly mean the wild goose. I think
>bar-headed goose, Anser indicus, is the best bet. See
>The romantic European translators of the eighteenth and nineteenth
>centuries preferred 'swan' to 'goose' for their own cultural reasons.

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