mccomas mccomas at CRES.ANU.EDU.AU
Sun Oct 13 23:48:01 UTC 2002

Dear Friend

Swans are very rare or vagrants in India. When the texts mentions ham.sa, 
they almost certainly mean the wild goose. I think bar-headed goose, Anser 
indicus, is the best bet. See http://www.scz.org/animals/g/bhgoose.html

The romantic European translators of the eighteenth and nineteenth 
centuries preferred 'swan' to 'goose' for their own cultural reasons.



>Dear members:
>Some of your know about the swams mentions in the Mahabharata and other 
>sources? Becuase, I am looking more information about what class of swams 
>were or are in norht India. Can your give me more information about the 
>habitat or past habitat in case of extinctions in this area or etc...?
>Horacio Arganis
>U A de C
>http://www.latinmail.com.  Gratuito, latino y en español.

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