Pronunciation of word final "a" in sanskrit

Chandan R. Narayan cnarayan at SOCRATES.BERKELEY.EDU
Wed May 26 16:02:56 UTC 1999

Its somewhat difficult to make sweeping statements like the one below...
my parents are from Karnataka, my name is "chandan", my father's name
"nArAyaN", my uncle's name "ranganAth", etc. We are very much "from the
I think your question has to do with the tendency to shorten  schwa
(saMvRta a) to zero word finally, thats all. See pANini on saMvRta and
vivRta. This schwa deletion is typologically common.

chandan r. narayan || cnarayan at

On Wed, 26 May 1999, Swaminathan Madhuresan wrote:

>  The south had a full word-final "a", it seems.
>  Probably why modern personal names differ a little
>  between north and south.
>           --------------------------------------------
>            north             |     south
>           ---------------------------------------------
>            shiv                     shivan
>            narayan                  narayanan
>            ganesh                   ganeshan
>            ram                      raman
>            lakshman                 lakshmanan
>            gopal                    gopalan
>            and so on.
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