Ma~Nju/SrImUlakalpa and MaNimEkalai

Michael Witzel witzel at FAS.HARVARD.EDU
Fri Mar 5 19:02:38 UTC 1999

On 3/3/99, Petr Mares wrote:

>I previously believed that Ma~Nju/SrImUlakalpa is a South Indian

>K. P.  Jayaswal in his rendition of the historical part (part III of
>Trivandrum edition - pp. 579-656) of the Ma~Nju/SrImUlakalpa
> .... , claims ...
>that Ma~Nju/SrImUlakalpa was written in

...  it discusses the pAla period of 750A.D.
Equally, the Licchavi dynasty of Nepal, also up to c. 750 (when they peter
out, no more inscriptions)

It would be unusual for a Southern text to be so well informed about the

>the  AMMK also mentions the South Seas, it says:
>verses 636-640
>"Everywhere the dvIpas too, in the Kali.Ngadreshu
>the kAma-rUpa-kalA in the valleys of HimAdri.

kaamaruupa = W. Assam

Many kings are
>stated to have been between meetings of the seas (udra-sandhishu).
>Many gaNa chiefs of the Mlechchhas, worshippers of the Buddha: -
>Indra and Suchandra - Mahendra inhibitants amongst the Mlechchhas
>will be kings."

Mahendra is a mountain chain in Orissa (E. Ghats)

>Kali.Ngadreshu, cf. udrasandhishu probably means Java as Kali.Nga

kalinga and uDra = Orissa

Many Indian names of countries have been transferred to SE  Asia: Kamboja,
Kalinga, Trilinga, Zyaama, Campaa etc.


Michael Witzel
Wales Professor of Sanskrit

Dept. of Sanskrit & Indian Studies,
Harvard University                    
2 Divinity Avenue                               (Electr. Journ. of Vedic Stud.)
Cambridge MA 02138, USA

phone: 1- 617 - 495 3295 (voice & messages), 496 8570, fax 617 - 496 8571
my direct line (also for messages) :  617- 496 2990
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