!Re: Sri Aurobindo
reimann at UCLINK4.BERKELEY.EDU
Sun Jun 13 03:48:26 UTC 1999
Your sources are correct. I checked The Light of Truth," although the page
numbers in the edition I have here with me are not the same. It is Dayananda
who seems to contradict himself.
See the long quote below, which I copied with a scanner.
Dayananda Saraswati on the origin of the Aryas
(From The Light of Truth)
Most of the book is written in a question and answer format. According to a
footnote by the translator (p. 2, n. 3), the �O� stands for �Imaginary
Objector,� and the �A� for �Author.�
O.- Where was man first created.
A.- In Trivishtap otherwise called Tibet.
O.-Were all men of one class or divided into different classes at the time of
A.-They all belonged to one class, viz., that of man, but later on they were
divided into two main classes, -the good and the wicked. The good were called
.Aryas and the wicked Dasyus. Says the Rig Veda, " Do ye know (there are) two
classes of men -Aryas and Dasyus." The good and learned were also called
while the ignorant and wicked, such as dacoits, were called Asura. The Aryas
were again divided into four Classes, viz., Brahmana, Kshatriya, Vaishya and
Shudra. Those who belonged to the first three Classes being well-educated and
bearing good character, were called Dwijas -the twice-born ; whilst the
Class was so named because of being composed of ignorant and illiterate
They were also called Anaryas -not good. This division into Aryas and
supported by the Atharva Veda wherein it is said "Some are Aryas, others
O.--How did they happen to come here (to India) then ?
A.-When the relations between the Arahs and Dasyus, or between Devas and
(i.e., between the good and learned, and the ignorant and wicked) developed
a constant state of
[start p. 265]
warfare, and serious troubles arose, the Aryas regarding this country as the
best on the whole earth emigrated here and colonized it. For this reason
called Aryavarta - the abode of Aryas.
O.-What are the boundaries of Aryavarta ?
A.- (Manu II, 22, 17). "It is bounded on the North by the Himalayas, on the
South by the Vindhyachal mountains, on the East and West by the sea. It has
also, on its West the Sarasvati river (the Sindh or Attock) and on the East
Dhrishvati river also called the Brahmaputra which rises from the mountains
of Nepal, and passing down to the east of Assam and the west of Burma, falls
into the Bay of Bengal in the Southern Sea (Indian Ocean). All the countries
included between the Himalaya on the north and the Vindhyachal mountains on
south as far as Rameshwar are called Aryavarta, because they were colonized
inhabited by Devas (the learned) and Aryas -the good or noble."
O.-What was the name of this country before that, and who were its aboriginal
A.-It had no name, nor was it inhabited by any other people before the Aryas
(settled in it) who sometime after Creation came straight down here from Tibet
and colonized this country.
O.-Some people say that they came from Iran (Persia) and hence they were
Aryas. Before the Aryas came to this country it was inhabited by savages whom
the Aryas called Asuras and Rakshasas as (demons), while they called
Devatas (gods). The wars between the two were called by the name Devasura
Sangram as in the historical romances. Is this true?
A.-It is absolutely wrong. The Veda declares what we have Already repeated,
i.e., (Rig Veda 1.51.8) "The virtuous, learned, unselfish, and pious men are
called Aryas, while the men of opposite character such as dacoits, wicked,
[start p. 266]
ignorant persons are called Dasyus." Besides, (Atharva Veda XIX, 62) "The
Dwijas (the twice-born) -Brahmanas, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas- are called Aryas,
while the Shudras are called Anaryas, or Non-Aryas." In the face of these
authorities how can sensible people believe in the imaginary tales of the
In the Devasura wars, Prince Arjuna and King Dashratha and others of Aryavarta
used to go to the assistance of the Aryas in order to crush the Asuras. This
shows that the people living outside Aryavarta were called Dasyus and
because whenever those people attacked Aryas living on the Himalayas, the
and rulers of Aryavarta went to help the Aryas of the north, etc. But the war
which Ram Chandra waged in the south against Ravan -the king of Ceylon- is
called not by the name of Devasura war but by that of Rama-Ravana war or
between the Aryas and Rakshasas. In no Sanskrit book -historical or
it is recorded that the Aryas emigrated here from Iran, fought with and
conquered the aborigines, drove them out, and became the rulers of the
country. How can then these statements of the foreigners be true? Besides,
Manu also corroborates our position. He says, (Manu, X, 45, II, 23) "The
countries other than Aryavaria are called Dasyu and Malechha countries." The
people living in the north-east, north, north-west and west of Aryavarta were
called Dasyus, Asuras and Malechhas, while those living in the south,
and south-west were called Rakshasas. You can still see that the
Rakshasas given therein tallies with the ugly appearance of the negroes of
to-day. The people living in the antipodes of Aryavarta were called Nagas,
their country Patala because of being situated under the feet (of those living
in Aryavarta). Their kings belonged to the Naga dynasty taking their name
that of the founder who was called Naga. His daughter Ulopi was married to
Prince Arjuna. From the time of Ikshvaku to that of Kauravas and Pandavas,
Aryas were the sovereign rulers of the whole earth, and the Vedas were
and taught more or less even in countries other than Aryavarta.
Light on Truth: or An English Translation of the Satyarth Prakash. Trans.
Chiranjiva Bharadwaja. Delhi: Sarvadeshik Arya Pratinidhi Sabha, 1975. The
introduction to this (the second) edition is dated in 1882.
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