uraga and AlavAy

Chandrasekaran, Periannan Periannan.Chandrasekaran at DELTA-AIR.COM
Mon Apr 12 22:05:27 UTC 1999

Swaminathan Madhuresan quoted some earlier posting:

> >
> > Vedic knows Shiva as Rudra and as an 'outsider'. The
> peaceful concept
> > of ziva, the Universal teacher sitting under the banyan ie.,
> > Dakshinamurti was new to Sanskrit. When this aspect was integrated
> > there via agamas, Shiva in this mode cam naturally to be named
> > Dakshinamurti,  'the Lord from the South'. Usually, South is the
> > direction of Death and hence no reason to call the peaceful, supreme
> > teacher  as Dakshinamurti. Relevant literature finds it hard to
> > explain the meaning of Dakshinamurti and hope my explanation helps.

I checked the Colgne Digial Sansrit Lexicon  at

for the entry "rudra" and got the following:

 mfn. (prob.) crying , howling , roaring , dreadful , terrific , terrible ,
horrible (applied to the As3vins , Agni , Indra ,
Mitra , Varun2a , and the %{spa4zaH}) RV. AV. (accord. to others `" red ,
shining , glittering "' , fr. a %{rud} or %{rudh} connected with %{rudhira}
; others `" strong , having or bestowing strength or power "' , fr. a %{rud}
= %{vRd} , %{vRdh} ; native authorities give also the following meanings ,
`" driving away evil "' ; `" running about and roaring "' , fr. %{ru} +
%{dra} = 2. %{dru} ;

in the later mythology the word %{ziva} , which  does not occur as a %{name}
in the Veda , was employed , first as an euphemistic epithet and then as a
real name for  Rudra , who lost his special connection with storms and
developed into a form of the disintegrating and reintegrating  principle ;
while a new class of beings , described as eleven [or thirty-three] in
number , though still called Rudras , took
the place of the original Rudras or Maruts:..."

Does it say that the word "ziva" does not occur in the vedas at all?
if so is that correct?

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