Burt Thorp bthorp at PLAINS.NODAK.EDU
Sat Dec 12 21:05:59 UTC 1998

Isn't there a more recent study that explains maNipadme as the vocative of
a feminine maNipadmA (as the name of a goddess)?--"O jewel-lotus goddess!"
I cannot recall the reference.

> Is it at the fountainhead of Buddhist Tantra literature,
>because Avalokitesvara's important mantra - Om maNi padme hUm -
>is explained there. maNi refers to linga of 'Saivism and
>padma is yoni (A. Francke, The meaning of Om maNi padme hUm
>formula, JRAS, 1915, 0. 397-404.)

Burt Thorp
English Department
University of North Dakota
Grand Forks ND 58202-7209

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