The seven types of marriage in Hinduism

Charles Wikner WIKNER at
Fri Dec 6 07:12:48 UTC 1996


John Grimes <phijag at> wrote:

> paishaaca-bridegroom seduces female when she is unconscious or nearly so;
> raaakshasa - female captured by force; gaandharva - "love"-marriage; aasura
> - husband must pay for bride and she freely agrees; praajaapatya - arranged
> marriage;  aarsha - husband freely gives gifts for the wife; daiva - bride
> given to a priest; braahma - bride given away complete with gifts. 
> One resource is Raj Bali Pandey's Hindu Samskaras (Motilal Banarsidass)

These eight are also described in 24:17ff and 
Manu-sm.rti 3:21ff. These are available in translation as 
Volumes 7 and 25 respectively, of the Sacred Books of the East.

Charles Wikner.
wikner at

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