[INDOLOGY] kośa or koṣa?

Krishnaprasad G krishnaprasadah.g at gmail.com
Mon May 11 22:15:33 EDT 2020


Both* versions

On Tue, May 12, 2020, 7:45 AM Krishnaprasad G <krishnaprasadah.g at gmail.com>
wrote:

> All dviroopa kosa gives baithe version.
>
> On Tue, May 12, 2020, 6:11 AM Madhav Deshpande via INDOLOGY <
> indology at list.indology.info> wrote:
>
>> I have seen in the interchangeable use of कोश/कोष in published books from
>> Maharashtra धर्मकोश/न्यायकोश, but मीमांसाकोष, and this variation is also
>> seen in the Marathi usage of these words.  The popular Marathi poem is
>> written as त्या फुलांच्या गंधकोषी rather than as गंधकोशी.  But you have
>> भारतीय-संस्कृति-कोश, ज्ञानकोश etc. and शब्दकोश/कोष almost with equal
>> frequency.  This variation is facilitated by the fact that while श and ष
>> are distinguished in Marathi writing, they are not distinguished in
>> pronunciation, except by a few ultra-conscious Sanskritists of Pune like
>> the Late Professor Arjunwadkar in my memory.  Here is a good example of
>> this variation on the same page:
>>
>> [image: image.png]
>> Search Results
>> Web results
>>
>>
>>
>> <https://epustakalay.com/book/184293-bhaaratiiya-sanskriti-kosh-5-by-mahadev-shastri/>
>> Madhav M. Deshpande
>> Professor Emeritus, Sanskrit and Linguistics
>> University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
>> Senior Fellow, Oxford Center for Hindu Studies
>>
>> [Residence: Campbell, California, USA]
>>
>>
>> On Mon, May 11, 2020 at 4:15 PM Harry Spier via INDOLOGY <
>> indology at list.indology.info> wrote:
>>
>>> From Monier-Williams 2 names of works ending in  koṣa and  89 names of
>>> works ending in kośa (I haven`t listed words that aren`t names of works).,
>>>
>>> amarakoṣa
>>> dharmakoṣa
>>>
>>> abhidharmakośa
>>>  uddhārakośa
>>>  ekākṣarakośa
>>>  ekākṣarābhidhānakośa
>>>  kathākośa
>>>  candrakośa
>>>  deśīkośa
>>>  deśīyarājaśekharakośa
>>>  dvaṃdvādikośa
>>>  dvirūpakośa
>>>  dviruktikośa
>>>  dvyarthakośa
>>>  dhanaṃjayakośa
>>>  dharaṇikośa
>>>  dharmakośa
>>>  dhātukośa
>>>  nakṣatrakośa
>>>  nāṭakaratnakośa
>>>  nānārthakośa
>>>  nānārthaśabdakośa
>>>  nāmamālākośa
>>>  nārāyaṇacakravartikośa
>>>  nighaṇṭukośa
>>>  nīlakaṇṭhakośa
>>>  nyāyakośa
>>>  pañcarūpakośa
>>>  padārthakaumudīkośa
>>>  padārthakaumudīsārakośa
>>>  pāṭhyaratnakośa
>>>  pāṇinīyasūtrasārakośa
>>>  prajñākośa
>>>  prabandhakośa
>>>  prākṛtakośa
>>>  prākṛtacchandaḥkośa
>>>  bījakośa
>>>  bṛhadamarakośa
>>>  brahmakośa
>>>  bharatadvirūpakośa
>>>  bhāratamālākośa
>>>  bhāvaprakāśakośa
>>>  bhāvaratnakośa
>>>  maṅkhakośa
>>>  madhukośa
>>>  mantrakośa
>>>  mantraratnakośa
>>>  mantraratnāvalīkośa
>>>  mantroddhārakośa
>>>  mahālakṣmīratnakośa
>>>  mātṛkākośa
>>>  mātṛkābijakośa
>>>  mādhavakośa
>>> yādavakośa
>>> raghunandanakośa
>>> ratnakośa
>>> rabhasakośa
>>> rasaratnakośa
>>> rājavyavahārakośa
>>> rādhākṛṣṇakośa
>>> rāmāśramoddhārakośa
>>> rudrakośa
>>> vararucikośa
>>> vastukośa
>>> vastuvijñānaratnakośa
>>> vāgbhaṭakośa
>>> vikramādityakośa
>>> viśvakośa
>>> vṛttamaṇikośa
>>> vṛddhakośa
>>> vedāntaratnakośa
>>> vratakośa
>>> śabdakośa
>>> śarvakośa
>>> śastrakośa
>>> śivakośa
>>> śuddhatākośa
>>> śṛṅgārakośa
>>> śrīguṇaratnakośa
>>> sakośa
>>> saṃkhyāratnakośa
>>> sādhyakośa
>>> sārasvatakośa
>>> subhāṣitaratnakośa
>>> strīkośa
>>> smṛtiratnakośa
>>> svararatnakośa
>>>  harakośa
>>>  haimakośa
>>>
>>> Harry Spier
>>>
>>> On Mon, May 11, 2020 at 6:40 PM Dan Lusthaus via INDOLOGY <
>>> indology at list.indology.info> wrote:
>>>
>>>> Dear Dominik,
>>>>
>>>> Others may provide a more informed account — like you, this is not
>>>> something I’ve given much thought to — but a quick look at the Digital
>>>> Corpus of Sanskrit, while still only representing a limited albeit
>>>> important range of Sanskrit literature, lists nearly 500 instances for
>>>> kośa, starting with Ṛg Veda (41 occurrences), Atharvaveda (13 occurrences),
>>>> Chāndogyopaniṣad (3 occurrences), Aṣṭādhyāyī (Aṣṭādhyāyī, 4, 3, 42.0
>>>> <http://www.sanskrit-linguistics.org/dcs/index.php?contents=texte&PhraseID=526840>
>>>>  *kośāḍ* ḍhañ ||),  Buddhacarita (4 occurrences), Hitopadeśa (10x),
>>>> not to mention Abhidharmakośa, Amarakośa, and so on, but only 4 instances
>>>> of koṣa (Nighantuśeṣa 1x, Viṣṇupurāṇa 1x, and Āryāsaptaśatī 2x), the nod
>>>> would seem to overwhelmingly favor kośa. The term can have a range of
>>>> meanings aside from encyclopedic compendium or lexicon, so many of those
>>>> instances may reflect a variety of different meanings.
>>>>
>>>> best,
>>>> Dan
>>>>
>>>> On May 11, 2020, at 5:54 PM, Nathan McGovern via INDOLOGY <
>>>> indology at list.indology.info> wrote:
>>>>
>>>> Dominik, this doesn't really answer your question, but in Thai (which
>>>> admittedly does often spell Sanskrit words in non-standard ways, especially
>>>> in pre-modern texts) the spelling โกษ (koṣa), is quite common, perhaps even
>>>> preferred, especially in the title โกษาธิบดี (koṣādhipati), which was the
>>>> official in change of the Phra Khlang, or treasury, in Ayutthaya.
>>>>
>>>> Nathan McGovern
>>>>
>>>> University of Wisconsin-Whitewater
>>>> On 5/11/2020 4:38 PM, Dominik Wujastyk via INDOLOGY wrote:
>>>>
>>>> I always thought the first, with ś, was correct, and the second was
>>>> just an orthographic error.  Then I saw "-koṣa" on the title page of
>>>> Ingalls's *Subhāṣitaratnakoṣa*
>>>> <https://archive.org/details/ananthologyofsanskritprosepoetrysubhashitaratnakoshakosadanielingallsh.h.univers/page/n2/mode/2up>.
>>>> He must have thought about this.
>>>>
>>>> So which is "right" and why?
>>>>
>>>> Best,
>>>> Dominik
>>>>
>>>> PS I haven't even done elementary due diligence on this question,
>>>> beyond MW.
>>>>
>>>>
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