[INDOLOGY] kośa or koṣa?

Krishnaprasad G krishnaprasadah.g at gmail.com
Mon May 11 22:15:09 EDT 2020


All dviroopa kosa gives baithe version.

On Tue, May 12, 2020, 6:11 AM Madhav Deshpande via INDOLOGY <
indology at list.indology.info> wrote:

> I have seen in the interchangeable use of कोश/कोष in published books from
> Maharashtra धर्मकोश/न्यायकोश, but मीमांसाकोष, and this variation is also
> seen in the Marathi usage of these words.  The popular Marathi poem is
> written as त्या फुलांच्या गंधकोषी rather than as गंधकोशी.  But you have
> भारतीय-संस्कृति-कोश, ज्ञानकोश etc. and शब्दकोश/कोष almost with equal
> frequency.  This variation is facilitated by the fact that while श and ष
> are distinguished in Marathi writing, they are not distinguished in
> pronunciation, except by a few ultra-conscious Sanskritists of Pune like
> the Late Professor Arjunwadkar in my memory.  Here is a good example of
> this variation on the same page:
>
> [image: image.png]
> Search Results
> Web results
>
>
>
> <https://epustakalay.com/book/184293-bhaaratiiya-sanskriti-kosh-5-by-mahadev-shastri/>
> Madhav M. Deshpande
> Professor Emeritus, Sanskrit and Linguistics
> University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
> Senior Fellow, Oxford Center for Hindu Studies
>
> [Residence: Campbell, California, USA]
>
>
> On Mon, May 11, 2020 at 4:15 PM Harry Spier via INDOLOGY <
> indology at list.indology.info> wrote:
>
>> From Monier-Williams 2 names of works ending in  koṣa and  89 names of
>> works ending in kośa (I haven`t listed words that aren`t names of works).,
>>
>> amarakoṣa
>> dharmakoṣa
>>
>> abhidharmakośa
>>  uddhārakośa
>>  ekākṣarakośa
>>  ekākṣarābhidhānakośa
>>  kathākośa
>>  candrakośa
>>  deśīkośa
>>  deśīyarājaśekharakośa
>>  dvaṃdvādikośa
>>  dvirūpakośa
>>  dviruktikośa
>>  dvyarthakośa
>>  dhanaṃjayakośa
>>  dharaṇikośa
>>  dharmakośa
>>  dhātukośa
>>  nakṣatrakośa
>>  nāṭakaratnakośa
>>  nānārthakośa
>>  nānārthaśabdakośa
>>  nāmamālākośa
>>  nārāyaṇacakravartikośa
>>  nighaṇṭukośa
>>  nīlakaṇṭhakośa
>>  nyāyakośa
>>  pañcarūpakośa
>>  padārthakaumudīkośa
>>  padārthakaumudīsārakośa
>>  pāṭhyaratnakośa
>>  pāṇinīyasūtrasārakośa
>>  prajñākośa
>>  prabandhakośa
>>  prākṛtakośa
>>  prākṛtacchandaḥkośa
>>  bījakośa
>>  bṛhadamarakośa
>>  brahmakośa
>>  bharatadvirūpakośa
>>  bhāratamālākośa
>>  bhāvaprakāśakośa
>>  bhāvaratnakośa
>>  maṅkhakośa
>>  madhukośa
>>  mantrakośa
>>  mantraratnakośa
>>  mantraratnāvalīkośa
>>  mantroddhārakośa
>>  mahālakṣmīratnakośa
>>  mātṛkākośa
>>  mātṛkābijakośa
>>  mādhavakośa
>> yādavakośa
>> raghunandanakośa
>> ratnakośa
>> rabhasakośa
>> rasaratnakośa
>> rājavyavahārakośa
>> rādhākṛṣṇakośa
>> rāmāśramoddhārakośa
>> rudrakośa
>> vararucikośa
>> vastukośa
>> vastuvijñānaratnakośa
>> vāgbhaṭakośa
>> vikramādityakośa
>> viśvakośa
>> vṛttamaṇikośa
>> vṛddhakośa
>> vedāntaratnakośa
>> vratakośa
>> śabdakośa
>> śarvakośa
>> śastrakośa
>> śivakośa
>> śuddhatākośa
>> śṛṅgārakośa
>> śrīguṇaratnakośa
>> sakośa
>> saṃkhyāratnakośa
>> sādhyakośa
>> sārasvatakośa
>> subhāṣitaratnakośa
>> strīkośa
>> smṛtiratnakośa
>> svararatnakośa
>>  harakośa
>>  haimakośa
>>
>> Harry Spier
>>
>> On Mon, May 11, 2020 at 6:40 PM Dan Lusthaus via INDOLOGY <
>> indology at list.indology.info> wrote:
>>
>>> Dear Dominik,
>>>
>>> Others may provide a more informed account — like you, this is not
>>> something I’ve given much thought to — but a quick look at the Digital
>>> Corpus of Sanskrit, while still only representing a limited albeit
>>> important range of Sanskrit literature, lists nearly 500 instances for
>>> kośa, starting with Ṛg Veda (41 occurrences), Atharvaveda (13 occurrences),
>>> Chāndogyopaniṣad (3 occurrences), Aṣṭādhyāyī (Aṣṭādhyāyī, 4, 3, 42.0
>>> <http://www.sanskrit-linguistics.org/dcs/index.php?contents=texte&PhraseID=526840>
>>>  *kośāḍ* ḍhañ ||),  Buddhacarita (4 occurrences), Hitopadeśa (10x), not
>>> to mention Abhidharmakośa, Amarakośa, and so on, but only 4 instances of
>>> koṣa (Nighantuśeṣa 1x, Viṣṇupurāṇa 1x, and Āryāsaptaśatī 2x), the nod would
>>> seem to overwhelmingly favor kośa. The term can have a range of meanings
>>> aside from encyclopedic compendium or lexicon, so many of those instances
>>> may reflect a variety of different meanings.
>>>
>>> best,
>>> Dan
>>>
>>> On May 11, 2020, at 5:54 PM, Nathan McGovern via INDOLOGY <
>>> indology at list.indology.info> wrote:
>>>
>>> Dominik, this doesn't really answer your question, but in Thai (which
>>> admittedly does often spell Sanskrit words in non-standard ways, especially
>>> in pre-modern texts) the spelling โกษ (koṣa), is quite common, perhaps even
>>> preferred, especially in the title โกษาธิบดี (koṣādhipati), which was the
>>> official in change of the Phra Khlang, or treasury, in Ayutthaya.
>>>
>>> Nathan McGovern
>>>
>>> University of Wisconsin-Whitewater
>>> On 5/11/2020 4:38 PM, Dominik Wujastyk via INDOLOGY wrote:
>>>
>>> I always thought the first, with ś, was correct, and the second was just
>>> an orthographic error.  Then I saw "-koṣa" on the title page of Ingalls's
>>> *Subhāṣitaratnakoṣa*
>>> <https://archive.org/details/ananthologyofsanskritprosepoetrysubhashitaratnakoshakosadanielingallsh.h.univers/page/n2/mode/2up>.
>>> He must have thought about this.
>>>
>>> So which is "right" and why?
>>>
>>> Best,
>>> Dominik
>>>
>>> PS I haven't even done elementary due diligence on this question, beyond
>>> MW.
>>>
>>>
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