[INDOLOGY] Metrical inconsistencies and tradition

Dominik Haas dominik.haas at univie.ac.at
Mon Mar 30 08:44:22 EDT 2020


Perhaps a short note on the modified “Gāyatrīs” in the 
Maitrāyaṇī-Saṃhitā: the creators of these verses simply inserted a 
certain deity without too much regard for metre. The non-adjusted 
accentuation perhaps also shows that the “Gāyatrīs” in this text are 
more pieced together than composed anew (/pracodáyāt/ is still accented, 
even though it's now the verb of a main clause – or is there another 
explanation?). I wonder whether and where they are actually called 
Gāyatrīs?

In any case, I think it's time for an anti-Corona Gāyatrī – unbrushed 
and with wrong accents as it should be:

/mā́ savitúr dviṣéṇyaṃ /
/kovidaviṣáṃ dhīmahi/ /
/tát tú devó 'pacodáyāt/ //

‘May we not obtain the malevolent
poison for scholars from Savitṛ.
The god shall rather drive it away!’


Best regards,
D Haas



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Am 30.03.2020 um 00:26 schrieb Harry Spier via INDOLOGY:
> Dear list members,
>
> Victor Davella wrote:
>
> . . .according to the standards as reported in sources spanning some 
> 1600 years and very much still current today, it is absolutely 
> necessary to adhere to grammatically correct Sanskrit and the rules of 
> meter  . . .
>
> It also seems that earlier there wasn't so much a concern.
> Of the 12 Gayatri mantras at Maitrāyaṇī-Saṃhitā 2-9-1, three of those 
> gayatri mantras have extra syllables.
>
> And see this post of Madhav's 
> http://list.indology.info/pipermail/indology_list.indology.info/2015-January/040590.html 
> <http://list.indology.info/pipermail/indology_list.indology.info/2015-January/040590.html> which concludes: the Brāhmaṇa texts were not bothered by deviations of 
> meters up to two syllables".
> Why the change in attitude towards meter?
> Harry Spier
>
> tat puruṣāya vidmahe mahādevāya dhīmahi /
> tan no rudraḥ pracodayāt //
>
> tad gāṅgaucyāya vidmahe girisutāya dhīmahi /
> tan no gaurī pracodayāt //
>
> tat kumārāya vidmahe kārttikeyāya dhīmahi /
> tan naḥ skandaḥ pracodayāt //
>
> tat karāṭāya vidmahe hastimukhāya dhīmahi /
> tan no dantī pracodayāt //
>
> tac caturmukhāya vidmahepadmāsanāya dhīmahi /
> tan no brahmā pracodayāt //
>
> tat keśavāya vidmahe nārāyaṇāya dhīmahi /
> tan no viṣṇuḥ pracodayat //
>
> tad bhāskarāya vidmahe prabhākarāya dhīmahi /
> tan no bhānuḥ pracodayāt //
>
> tat somarājāya vidmahe mahārājāya dhīmahi /
> tan naś candraḥ pracodayāt //
>
> taj jvalanāya vidmahe vaiśvānarāya dhīmahi /
> tan no vahniḥ pracodayāt //
>
> tat tyajapāya vidmahe mahājapāya dhīmahi /
> tan no dhyānaḥ pracodayāt //
>
> tat paramātmāya vidmahevainateyāya dhīmahi /
> tan naḥ sṛṣṭiḥ pracodayāt //MS_2,9.1//
>
>
> and see this
>
>
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