[INDOLOGY] Meaning of abhagnamānam in this verse

Krishnaprasad G krishnaprasadah.g at gmail.com
Wed Mar 25 13:33:35 EDT 2020


In case if anyone is interested, this verse has variant reading in many
book with missing abhagnamana word

On Wed, Mar 25, 2020, 10:37 PM Roland Steiner via INDOLOGY <
indology at list.indology.info> wrote:

>
> > In other words, अभग्नमान is a bahuvrīhi – अभग्नो यस्य मान: सो ऽभग्नमान:
> >
> > So the BR gloss catches the spirit, even if not the exact grammatical
> > construction.
>
> When Böhtlingk records a compound with a substantive final element (here: -
> *māna*) as an “Adj[ective]” (= MW’s “mfn” = Aptes “*a*.”), it is a
> Bahuvrīhi; see also pw s.v. *bhagnamāna:* "Adj. *dessen Ehrgefühl
> verletzt worden ist" * (lit.: "whose sense of honor has been violated").
>
> Accordingly, he translates the verse in his "Indische Sprüche" (No. 5023):
>
> yaj jīvyate kṣaṇam api prathitaṃ manuṣyair
> vijñānavikramayaśobhir abhagnamānam /
> tan nāma jīvitam iha pravadanti tajjñāḥ
> kāko ’pi jīvati ciraṁ ca baliṃ ca bhuṅkte //
>
> “Wenn Menschen auch nur ein ganz kurzes Leben leben, das aber ob der
> Kenntnisse, des Heldenmuthes und des Ruhmes weit gepriesen wird und *bei
> dem die Ehre nicht leidet* (lit.: in which/where honour does not suffer),
> so nennen die Kenner der Sache dieses ein wahres Leben: auch eine Krähe
> lebt lange und verzehrt die hingeworfene Spende.”
>
> It (*abhagnamānam*) refers here to a neuter (*yad*). By the way,
> Böhtlingk conceives the instrumental *manuṣyaiḥ* as the logical subject
> to *jīvyate* (“Wenn Menschen [...] ein [...] Leben leben”, “When men live
> a [...] life“) and connects the instrumental *vijñānavikramayaśobhiḥ*
> with *prathitam* (“ob der Kenntnisse, des Heldenmuthes und des Ruhmes
> weit gepriesen”, “widely praised for its knowledge, heroism and fame”).
>
> With best regards,
> Roland Steiner
>
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