[INDOLOGY] Non-standard sandhi

Johannes Bronkhorst johannes.bronkhorst at unil.ch
Mon Mar 18 04:06:28 EDT 2019


The Ṛgveda has metrically required -a+a- for -o- or -o+a-. This can be justified by certain Pāṇinian rules, as I showed long ago (“The orthoepic diaskeuasis of the Ṛgveda and the date of Pāṇini”, IIJ 23, 1981, 83-95). I do not know whether this observation has any relevance for the present issue.

Johannes Bronkhorst


On 18 Mar 2019, at 08:42, Martin Gansten via INDOLOGY <indology at list.indology.info<mailto:indology at list.indology.info>> wrote:

Thanks to Madhav Deshpande, Andrey Klebanov and Harry Spier for their (off-list) replies to my question, confirming that the sandhi e + a > a a is indeed non-standard. Madhav wrote:

I have not seen another example exactly like this, and have not come across a traditional rule to deal with this.  I wonder how hybrid this text is, or whether there are manuscript variants for this particular passage.  One thing I noticed is that if we keep the presumed pre-sandhi reading of "sahite asya," the meter does not work, and neither does it work with the regular sandhi "sahite 'sya."  The meter does seem to work with "sahita asya".  The last syllable of "sahita" needs to be metrically light.  So I suppose some sort of metrical compulsion may have resulted in this irregularity.  Just a thought.

The work in question is a largish one (~550 stanzas) and written in perfectly grammatical, sometimes even elegant Sanskrit in a variety of metres, with no particular suggestion of being hybrid, and the witnesses I have seen (two of the work itself, and half a dozen of another work quoting the verse in question) all agree on the reading of this passage.

Harry raised the same point about the metre (svāgatā), but it wouldn't be difficult to rephrase the pāda so as to conform to both metre and standard sandhi (e.g., tena vāpi sahite 'sya ca labdhis). So I am left with the impression that Yādavasūri must have considered his choice of sandhi in this case unproblematic, although he usually follows the stardard rule e + a > e ['].

Thanks again,
Martin

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