[INDOLOGY] Traditional/ insider's view of language or dialect status of Prakrits

Michael Witzel witzel at fas.harvard.edu
Mon Dec 29 07:51:47 EST 2014


In addition see the detailed discussions:

* Tracing the Vedic dialects. in: Colette Caillat, Dialectes dans les litteratures indo-aryennes. Actes du Colloque International organise par UA 1058 sous les auspices du C.N.R.S avec le soutien du College de France, de la Fondation Hugot du College de France, de l'Universite de Paris III, du Ministre des Affaires Etrangeres, Paris (Fondation Hugot) 16-18 Septembre 1986. 
Paris (College de France, Institut de Civilisation Indienne) 1989; 97-264

[where you can see that a particular local dialect feature (widely) spreads in the subsequent text levels] 

* Notes on Vedic dialects, 1.  Zinbun, Annals of the Institute for Research in Humanities, Kyoto University, 67 (1991) Kyoto 1991, 31-70
 
* Notes on Vedic Dialects, 2. In : G. Schweiger (ed.), Indogermanica. FS für Gert Klingenschmitt. Indische, iranische und indogermanische Studien dem verehrten Jubilar dargebracht zu seinem fünfundsechigsten Geburtstag. Taimering: Schweiger VWT-Verlag 2005, 733-743.   

Cheers,

Michael


On Dec 27, 2014, at 1:18 PM, Hock, Hans Henrich wrote:

> Language periodization, just like many aspects of textual periodization, is a perennial problem and only further complicates the picture. There are Prakritic forms as early as the Rig Veda (such as vikaṭa beside vikṛta, or kitava for expected kṛtavat). 
> 
> Regarding Vedic “dialects”, there is an interesting paper by Emeneau: The dialects of Old Indo-Aryan. In: Ancient Indo-European dialects, ed. by Henrik Birnbaum and Jaan Puhvel, 123–138. Berkeley/Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1966.
> 
> Cheers,
> 
> Hans Henrich Hock
> 
> 
> On 27-Dec-2014, at 3:38, Oleg Bendz <oleg.bendz at yahoo.com> wrote:
> 
>> 2014-12-27
>> 
>> Dear All:
>> 
>> The "prakrit" of Gandhara (the Kushans) had an army, but maybe not a navy.
>> Language periodization may be an important consideration.
>> The problem of language and dialect may reside in the terminology itself.
>> I should stop here.
>> 
>> O.Bendz
>> 
>> 
>> On Friday, December 26, 2014 5:48 PM, Matthew Kapstein <mkapstei at uchicago.edu> wrote:
>> 
>> 
>> >Ultimately, a clear distinction between “language” and “dialects” eludes even modern linguistics, in spite of long discussions of this issue.
>> 
>> As Max Weinreich elegantly put it: "A language is a dialect with an army and navy."
>> 
>> 
>> Matthew Kapstein
>> Directeur d'études,
>> Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes
>> 
>> Numata Visiting Professor of Buddhist Studies,
>> The University of Chicago
>> 
>> ________________________________________
>> 
>> 
>> 
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============
> Michael Witzel
> witzel at fas.harvard.edu
> <www.fas.harvard.edu/~witzel/mwpage.htm>
> Wales Prof. of Sanskrit,
> Dept. of South Asian Studies, Harvard University
> 1 Bow Street,
> Cambridge MA 02138, USA
> 
> phone: 1- 617 - 495 3295, fax 617 - 496 8571;
> direct line:  617- 496 2990



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