lion - "five-faced"
GthomGt at CS.COM
Tue Jan 14 22:14:15 EST 2003
In a message dated 1/14/2003 1:51:41 PM Eastern Standard Time,
aklujkar at INTERCHANGE.UBC.CA writes:
> In that case the stem would have been a consonantal one, that is,
> prapa;ncan, and we would have come across a grammarian writing a deletion
> rule for the final n. Besides, prapa;nca does not at least commonly occur in
> the company of five elements, and compounds of pra with a numeral as the
> second member do not seem to exist (e.g., I have not come across words like
> pra-dvi or prada;sa).
Hello Ashok and Allen and List,
The old Indo-Europeanist view is that prapaJcayati is a denominative stem
derived from prapaJca. paJcan [parallel with saptan] is in fact attested in
bahuvrIhis [see Wackernagel-Debrunner, Altindische Grammatik 3.354]. I have
no explanation for pra + paJca [nor for the absence of pra + dvi or pra +
daza, etc.], but paJca as 'five' thus to ''expansiveness, manifoldness" is
easy. We have in IE languages many instances of 'five' going to 'fist, hand,
etc.' -- not only in English but also in German, Slavic, Greek, etc. [see
Mayrhofer KEWA, under paJca]. Compare paJcazAkha = hand.
I don't see anything wrong with the old IE view. Does anyone else?
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