Dear Paolo,

I recommend consulting the related publications by Péter-Dániel Szántó (you can also check his profile), especially 2012 and 2015d and g.

Warm wishes,

On 9 January 2017 at 13:38, Paolo Eugenio Rosati <> wrote:
Dear indologists,

I am struggling with the "chronology" regarding the catushpithas concept and its first appearance in the Vajrayana cosmos.

Particularly, the Catushpitha Tantra described a list of four pithas linked to philosophical concepts---atman pitha, para pitha, yoga pitha and guhya pitha (cit.
in D.C. Sircar [The Shakta Pithas] 1948, 11).
Regarding this text, the only clue that I found is that one of its commentaries was copied in 1145 CE (ibid.).
While I found no discussion about the original text, and particularly if it was previous or coeval with the Hevajra Tantra (that could be date between seventh and middle of eighth centuries)---althoug from Sircar study I argued he considered the two tantras to be more or less coeval.

I wish someone can help me with some reference to the Catushpitha Tantra.

Best wishes,

Paolo E. Rosati
Oriental Archaeologist
PhD candidate in "Civilizations of Asia and Africa"
South Asia Section
Dep. Italian Institute of Oriental Studies/ISO
'Sapienza' University of Rome
Skype: paoloe.rosati
Mobile: (+39) 338 73 83 472

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Paul Gerstmayr
Oriental Studies / Sanskrit
St John's College, Oxford