Sorry, my last mail went off by accident before finishing.

So: please see Dominic Goodall’s entry on Nandin in the Taantrikaabhidhaanako"sa, referring also to GOURISWAR BHATTACHARYA, Nandin and Vṛṣabha. ZDMG Suppl. 3,2 (1977) 1545-1567.



Date: Wed, 21 Aug 2013 15:57:02 -0700
Subject: Re: [INDOLOGY] "vIraka"

If I understand Judit correctly, the Nandirudra which Jayaratha writes of is not half-bull half-man. Identification of Nandin as Śiva's bull is a recent phenomenon; in the pre-modern period, the bull vehicle was just called Vṛṣabha while Nandin/Nandirudra was a gaṇa and one of Śiva's dvārapālas.

best, C

On 11 August 2013 06:38, Andrew Nicholson <> wrote:
Thanks to all of the Indological sleuths who responded to my query,
both on- and off-list. The collective knowledge of the scholars here
is astounding.

I should have mentioned that Kurma Purana 2.7.7 includes "vIrANAM
vIrabhadro 'haM." It therefore seems a little less likely to me that
"gaNeSAnAM ca vIrakaH" only three verses later at 2.7.10 would be a
repeated reference to Virabhadra. However, the identification of
Viraka with the half-bull, half-man form of Nandin, suggested by Drs.
Roebuck and Törzsök, makes a lot of sense.

Based on your responses, it also seems there is a dissertation waiting
to be written on the mythology and iconography of Nandin/Viraka. If
someone can point me to an article on Nandin that discusses this
humanoid form, I'd be grateful.

My annotated translation of the Isvara Gita (Kurma Purana 2.1-2.11),
including this verse about vIraka, will be available from SUNY Press
in 2014.

All the best,
Andrew J. Nicholson
Associate Professor
Dept. of Asian and Asian American Studies
and Dept. of Philosophy
SUNY Stony Brook
Stony Brook, NY 11794-5343  USA
Tel: (631) 632-4030  Fax: (631) 632-4098

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śivās te panthānaḥ santu = May there be blessings on your journey.

Christopher Wallis, M.A. (Cal), M.Phil. (Oxon)

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