[INDOLOGY] Dhvanyāloka

Nagaraj Paturi nagarajpaturi at gmail.com
Mon Apr 1 09:23:32 UTC 2024

Dear Howard ji,

if you are looking for 3.10 to 3.14 of Dhvanyaloka


vibhāvabhāvānubhāva-sañcāry-aucitya-cāruṇaḥ /
vidhiḥ kathā-śarīrasya vṛttasyotprekṣitasya vā // DhvK_3.10 //
itivṛtta-vaśāyātāṃ tyaktvānanuguṇāṃ sthitim /
utprekṣyāpy antarābhīṣṭa-rasocita-kathonnayaḥ // DhvK_3.11 //
sandhi-sandhy-aṅga-ghaṭanaṃ rasābhivyakty-apekṣayā /
na tu kevalayā śāstra-sthiti-sampādanecchayā // DhvK_3.12 //
uddīpana-praśamane yathāvasaram antarā /
rasasyārabdha-viśrānter anusandhānam aṅginaḥ // DhvK_3.13 //
alaṅkṛtīnāṃ śaktāv apy ānurūpyeṇa yojanam /
prabandhasya rasādīnāṃ vyañjakatve nibandhanam // DhvK_3.14 //

In the Harvard Oriental Series, it is

pg 427 to 447



On Mon, Apr 1, 2024 at 7:59 AM Harry Spier via INDOLOGY <
indology at list.indology.info> wrote:

> Hi Howard,
> I think you are referring to page 20 of the introduction. (see the
> following excerpt below).  There are 27 references to aucitya in the
> critical edition of Ingalls et al.  I've attached a text version from
> archive.org  which you can search for "aucitya". Its a bit garbled since
> its from an OCR but you can use it to locate the term and then look at the
> print version.
> Harry Spier
> 20 Introduction
> . . .
> The literary piece must exhibit appropriateness (aucitya). To begin
> with, the plot must be appropriate to the emotions, the determinants,
> and the consequents which are to produce the intended rasa. In ex-
> hibiting the heroism of a human king, for example, one should not
> engage him in adventures that could be accomplished only by a god
> (3.10-14 A). If a plot as given in the epics and Puranas contains a trait
> that is inappropriate to the character of the hero or to the intended
> rasa, one must either omit it or add some element to the plot to achieve
> the needed appropriateness (3.10-14e A). In this regard Ananda cites
> Kalidasa as an example to be followed. His reference is in general terms
> only, but we might supply such a specific instance as the Sakuntala,
> where in the epic prototype the king abandons with needless cruelty the
> heroine whom he has seduced.’ Such action would be inappropriate to . . .
> Harry Spier
> On Sun, Mar 31, 2024 at 9:53 PM Howard Resnick via INDOLOGY <
> indology at list.indology.info> wrote:
>> Dear Scholars,
>> In the Harvard Press edition of Ānandavardhana’s Dhvanyāloka, I recall
>> reading a passage stating, basically, that in the presentation of
>> *Mahābhārata* stories, one can employ the principle of *aucitya* (MW:
>> fitness, suitableness, decorum) to bring about a suitable rasa that the
>> audience will understand and feel. Further, one may adjust or alter certain
>> details in the MBh in order to bring this about this effect.
>> Presumably a famous example of this would be the various presentations of
>> the Śakuntalā story.
>> I have been unable to find the passage that, I believe, states this
>> principle of aucitya. I would be grateful for any help in tracking this
>> down.
>> With best wishes,
>> Howard
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Nagaraj Paturi

Hyderabad, Telangana, INDIA.
Dean, IndicA
BoS, MIT School of Vedic Sciences, Pune, Maharashtra
BoS Kavikulaguru Kalidasa Sanskrit University, Ramtek, Maharashtra
BoS Veda Vijnana Gurukula, Bengaluru.
Member, Advisory Council, Veda Vijnana Shodha Samsthanam, Bengaluru
Former Senior Professor of Cultural Studies,
FLAME School of Communication and FLAME School of  Liberal Education,
Hyderabad, Telangana, INDIA.
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