[INDOLOGY] Translation of bhagavān / bhagavatī

Dean Michael Anderson eastwestcultural at yahoo.com
Thu Sep 29 19:33:17 UTC 2022

 Hi Matthew,
Yes, thanks for those additional choices which may be more appropriate than mine depending on the context. They are also applicable to Hinduism.

    On Friday, September 30, 2022 at 01:14:02 AM GMT+5:45, Matthew Kapstein <mkapstei at uchicago.edu> wrote:  
 Hi Dean,
In Buddhist contexts, Bhagavan is typically the Lord, the Blessed One, or something similar.
Bhagavatī, as in Bhagavatī Prajñāpāramitā, is usually Blessed or Glorious. 
Sent from Outlook for iOSFrom: INDOLOGY <indology-bounces at list.indology.info> on behalf of Dean Michael Anderson via INDOLOGY <indology at list.indology.info>
Sent: Thursday, September 29, 2022 9:18:38 PM
To: Harry Spier <vasishtha.spier at gmail.com>; rajam <rajam at earthlink.net>
Cc: indology at list.indology.info <indology at list.indology.info>
Subject: Re: [INDOLOGY] Translation of bhagavān / bhagavatī Yes, bhagavan/bhagavati are used to refer to the deity. So in your quote, you could translate it as "goddess", "divinity", "deity" or something similar.

But bhagavan is also used to refer to an honored person. I've never seen bhagavati used in that way, but I don't see why not. I would imagine devotees of one of the many modern woman gurus could use that term.


On Friday, September 30, 2022 at 12:27:36 AM GMT+5:45, rajam via INDOLOGY <indology at list.indology.info> wrote:

>From my understanding (as a non-Sanskritist) as a Tamilian … 
1. The term ‘bhagavAn’ is used as an epithet to a revered religious guru, personal deity, and such.
2. In Kerala, 'bhagavati’ refers to the ‘goddess.’ 2a. In the Earliest Missionary Grammar of Tamil by Henrique Henriques, a Jesuit Missionary,  we find the term ‘pakavati’ to refer to the local usage ‘goddess.’  If you can, please see https://www.hup.harvard.edu/catalog.php?isbn=9780674727236 
3. Here’s what I find in Apte’s translation: 
भगवत् bhagavat (p. 1181)भगवत्bhagavat a 1 Glorious illustrious -2 Revered venerable divine holy an epithet applied to gods demigods and other holy or respectable personagesस्वर्गप्रकाशोभगवान्प्रदोषः Ram558अथभगवान्कुशलीकाश्यपः S5भगवन्परवानयंजनः R881 soभगवान्वासुदेवः &cउत्पत्तिंचविनाशंचभूतानामागतिंगतिम्।वेत्तिविद्यामविद्यांचसवाच्योभगवानिति॥ -3Fortunate Ved -m 1 A god deity -2 An epithet of Visnu -3 Of Siva -4 Of Jina -5 Of Buddha -Comp - N of a celebrated sacred work it is an episode of the great Bharata and purports to be a dialogue between Krisna and Arjuna - a resembling the Supreme - N of the source of Ganga साक्षाद्भगवत्पदीत्यनुपलक्षितवचः Bhag5171

On Sep 29, 2022, at 9:49 AM, Harry Spier via INDOLOGY <indology at list.indology.info> wrote:
Clarification. If it wasn't clear from my previous email. The meaning of bhagavAn/bhagavatI I'm needing to translate for a non indologist audience is only when it's used as a  honorific to a deity.Harry Spier

Sent from mobile phone.
On Thu, Sep 29, 2022, 09:59 Harry Spier, <vasishtha.spier at gmail.com> wrote:

Dear list members,Firstly happy Navaratri.Secondly I'm wondering what the best way to translate bhagavati and bhagavan would be.  The target audience is a non-specialist non-sanskritist audience.  The contexts are typically where someone is addressing a god or goddess  where the actual name of the god/goddess is also mentioned fairly close . A typical example would be this gayatrī to annapūrṇā .  
bhagavatyai ca vidmahe
māheśvaryai ca dhīmahi
tan no annapūrṇā pracodayāt

Thanks,Harry Spier 

INDOLOGY mailing list
INDOLOGY at list.indology.info

INDOLOGY mailing list
INDOLOGY at list.indology.info
-------------- next part --------------
An HTML attachment was scrubbed...
URL: <https://list.indology.info/pipermail/indology/attachments/20220929/5e39dad7/attachment.htm>

More information about the INDOLOGY mailing list