[INDOLOGY] Ancient wedding vows

Howard Resnick hr at ivs.edu
Wed Sep 7 01:04:21 UTC 2022

Dear Scholars,

Do we have ancient Sanskrit texts with actual wedding vows? Are there specific vows for kṣatriyas and brāhmaṇas?

I’m looking for wedding vows, rather than spontaneous proposals of marriage like these:

MBh CE CE 1.67.3 Duḥṣanta said to Śakuntalā: bhāryā me bhava, “Become my wife.” 

MBh CE 1.139.24 Hiḍimbā proposed to Bhīma, saying, among other flattering things, bhajamānāṃ bhajasva mām “ choose/honor/love me who am loving [you].

Again, apart from such spontaneous proposals, are there actual ancient vows at weddings?

Many thanks for any help with this.

Best wishes,

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