[INDOLOGY] five designations of tithis

Arlo Griffiths arlogriffiths at hotmail.com
Sun Mar 6 07:32:14 UTC 2022

Dear Martin, Agathe and Bill,

Thanks a lot for your quick and helpful responses! The Bṛhatsaṃhitā reference is precisely the kind of source I was looking for.

Best wishes,


From: Bill Mak <bmpmak at hku.hk>
Sent: Saturday, March 5, 2022 4:14 PM
To: Arlo Griffiths <arlogriffiths at hotmail.com>
Cc: INDOLOGY <indology at list.indology.info>
Subject: Re: [INDOLOGY] five designations of tithis

Dear Arlo,

The cycle of five tithis is given in Bṛhatsaṃhitā 98.1-2 (3rd tithi vijayā instead of jayā). This system is likely based on an older system of 15 tithis attested in the Gārgīyajyotiṣa as discussed in my paper.

Mak, Bill. 2018. ‘Tithikarmaguṇa in Gārgīyajyotiṣa – Tithi Worship According to a Number of Early Sources’. Journal of Indian and Buddhist Studies 66 (3): 958–91.

Best regards,


Bill M. Mak, PhD

Jao Tsung-I Petite Ecole 饒宗頤學術館
Tang Chi Ngong Building
The University of Hong Kong
Pokfulam, Hong Kong

Tel: +852-39174384
Email: bmpmak at hku.hk<mailto:bmpmak at hku.hk>

Research Associate
Needham Research Institute
8 Sylvester Road
Cambridge, CB3 9AF
United Kingdom

Senior Member
Robinson College
Cambridge University
Grange Road, Cambridge, CB3 9AN
United Kingdom

Email: bm574 at cam.ac.uk<mailto:bm574 at cam.ac.uk>

copies of my publications may be found at:

On 6 Mar 2022, at 00:02, Arlo Griffiths via INDOLOGY <indology at list.indology.info<mailto:indology at list.indology.info>> wrote:

Dear colleagues,

In Louis-Charles Damais' study “Études d’épigraphie indonésienne, IV: Discussion de la date des inscriptions” (Bulletin de l’École française d’Extrême-Orient 47 (1) [https://doi.org/10.3406/befeo.1955.5406], p. 70 n. 1) one reads about "cinq qualifications des tithi". According to the author, there are five such designations for tithis, i.e.

- Nandā (tithi # 1, 6 and 11 waxing or waning)
- Вhadrā (tithi # 2, 7 and 12 waxing or waning)
- Jayā (tithi # 3, 8 and 13 waxing or waning)
- Riktā (tithi # 4, 9 et 14 waxing or waning)
- Pūrṇā (tithi # 5, 10 and 15 waxing or waning)

He cites (11th-c.) Javanese epigraphical occurrences of three of these designations, but does not cite his source for the whole system.

Does it have its origin in Indian jyotiḥśāstra? I'd be grateful for references.

Best wishes,

Arlo Griffiths

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