[INDOLOGY] Best wishes for a Peaceful Christmas and New Year...
nagarajpaturi at gmail.com
Wed Dec 28 06:32:16 UTC 2022
Thanks Andrea Acri ji for these amazing treasures of references and link to
your 2010 article.
On Tue, Dec 27, 2022 at 5:56 PM Andrea Acri via INDOLOGY <
indology at list.indology.info> wrote:
> Dear Jan,
> while not belonging to Sanskrit literature, it seems worth mentioning an
> extensive passage in the Old Javanese Rāmāyaṇa, sargas 24 and 25. The
> former sarga describes the idyll in Laṅkā after Vibhīṣaṇa had succeeded
> Rāvaṇa, where both nature and human society are dominated by harmony (and
> yet, various animals allegorically representing ascetics take the
> opportunity to tease one another about their respective behaviours and
> religious observances). The latter describes sage Bharadvāja’s hermitage
> and the banks of the river Sarayū, populated by all kinds of birds and
> See e.g. 24.107:
> The animals shared harmony together and a mind dominated by purity; not
> much time after, the people [too] became bright [in their minds].
> The lions, all of them, were suddenly lovable; like relatives, like
> brothers, were the barking deer, feeling secure.
> That is why the paramount effort of Him who protects the world was
> it is not difficult to achieve for the mind that has love as its rudder in
> the boat of compassion.
> And 24.125:
> Thus the animals were very faithful, staying together and licking [one
> another] as if they were taking an oath.
> Wild dogs, tigers, bears, every wild animal had a gentle character at last.
> That which flows out from the heart of the ruler of the world causes every
> animal that [formerly] fought each other to be companions.
> How much more the people of the palace: with a firm heart they were
> fervently devoted to him.
> The motif of ferocious animals becoming tame and living peacefully
> together with their habitual preys is widespread in Sanskrit literature.
> The reason for such gentle behaviour of animals in hermitages is due to the
> soothing and beneficial influence of the holy sages dwelling there. See
> e.g. the Candrehe stone inscription of Prabodhaśiva (724 AD) which
> describes a hermitage inhabited by holy ascetics in the following manner:
> ‘In this place herds of monkeys kiss the cubs of lions, [and] the young
> one of a deer sucks at the breast of the lioness. Other hostile animals
> forget their [natural] antipathy [to one another]; for the minds of all
> become tranquil in penance-groves’ (v. 15, translation Banerji 1930-31).
> See also AVālmīki’s Rāmāyaṇa, Ayodhyākāṇḍa 88.7, describing the
> Citrakūṭa mountain inhabited by holy ascetics:
> nānāmṛgagaṇadvīpitarakṣvṛkṣagaṇair vṛtaḥ /
> aduṣṭair bhāty ayaṃ śailo bahupakṣisamākulaḥ
> ‘What a sight the mountain makes, swarming with birds and teeming with
> herds of beasts, panthers, hyenas, and monkeys, all of them tame’ (transl.
> Pollock 1986:269).
> Other instances of this topos in the Mahābhārata and in Kālidāsa’s
> works are discussed in Pontillo 2009.
> All the above references are mentioned in a 2010 article by myself, freely
> accessible at https://doi.org/10.1163/22134379-90003611
> Andrea Acri
> > Le 25 déc. 2022 à 19:13, Jan E.M. Houben via INDOLOGY <
> indology at list.indology.info> a écrit :
> > Dear All,
> > According to Yoga-sūtra 2.35, अहिंसाप्रतिष्ठायां, तत्सन्निधौ वैरत्यागः
> > which apparently means that when someone is thoroughly established in
> non-violence, (mutual) enmity disappears in his environment.
> > Commentaries and references given for aphorism and referred to for
> instance in James Wood’s translation emphasize that in this situation
> *even* wild animals, no more attack their prey. An example is Kirāṭārjunīya
> 2.55 (meter viyoginī): Vyāsa is looked at by Yudhiṣṭhira:
> > madhurair avaśāni lambhayann api tiryañci śamaṃ nirīkṣitaiḥ /
> > paritaḥ paṭu bibhrad enasāṃ dahanaṃ dhāma vilokanakṣamam //
> > “Calming even wild animals by his gentle looks, spreading a blazing
> radiance around which burns away guilt, (but which yet) can be gazed at
> (the sage, i.e., Vyāsa son of Parāśara, was seen by the king, Yudhiṣṭhira)”
> (tr. following Roodbergen 1984, p. 143; cp. also Raghuvaṁśa 13.50, 14.79.)
> > Are any more convincing stories or anecdotes known in Sanskrit
> literature, in which the peace-creating influence suggested in YS 2.35
> inspires animals or *even* humans to behave in a more peaceful way ?
> > With best wishes for a Peaceful Christmas New Year to all:
> > शान्ते ! ऽस्मिन् लोक एधस्व विद्यातः प्रेमतस्तथा ।
> > तव भक्तजनानां च कल्याणमस्तु सर्वदा ॥
> > --
> > Jan E.M. Houben
> > Directeur d'Études, Professor of South Asian History and Philology
> > Sources et histoire de la tradition sanskrite
> > École Pratique des Hautes Études (EPHE, Paris Sciences et Lettres)
> > Sciences historiques et philologiques
> > Groupe de recherches en études indiennes (EA 2120)
> > johannes.houben [at] ephe.psl.eu
> > https://ephe-sorbonne.academia.edu/JanEMHouben
> > https://www.classicalindia.info
> > LabEx Hastec OS 2021 -- L'Inde Classique augmentée: construction,
> > et transformations d'un savoir scientifique
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