[INDOLOGY] Sandhi examples in the english language

Allen, Michael S (msa2b) msa2b at virginia.edu
Thu Aug 4 21:00:01 UTC 2022

Dear Harry,

Another example that comes immediately to mind is the indefinite article: "a" before words beginning with a consonant, "an" before words beginning with a vowel. Here the sandhi is not just a matter of pronunciation but of orthography.

Best wishes,

Michael S. Allen
Assistant Professor
Department of Religious Studies
University of Virginia

From: INDOLOGY <indology-bounces at list.indology.info> on behalf of Harry Spier via INDOLOGY <indology at list.indology.info>
Sent: Thursday, August 4, 2022 4:53 PM
To: Howard Resnick <hr at ivs.edu>
Cc: Indology List <indology at list.indology.info>
Subject: Re: [INDOLOGY] Sandhi examples in the english language

Thank you all for these great replies. Howard Resnick gives an example of a spelling change for internal sandhi.  Can someone give me an example of a spelling change for word junction (external) sandhi in a non-Indian language (if such a thing exists?).
Harry Spier

On Thu, Aug 4, 2022 at 4:01 PM Howard Resnick <hr at ivs.edu<mailto:hr at ivs.edu>> wrote:
English sandhi, n -> m before a labial consonant:

Examples: in-justice but im-possible; in-scrutable, but im-mature.


Good luck,

> On Aug 4, 2022, at 12:51 PM, Harry Spier via INDOLOGY <indology at list.indology.info<mailto:indology at list.indology.info>> wrote:
> Dear list members,
> I need to give a brief introductory talk to english speakers, not linguistic or sanskrit students, but english speakers who chant sanskrit mantras and shlokas.
> I thought I'd briefly talk about and give examples of:
> 1) How sanskrit is very independent of word order.
> 2) How sanskrit uses case endings
> 3) How sandhi is widespread in sanskrit andi is also part of the spelling in sanskrit .
> I'd like to give examples of sandhi in english to to make the concept of sandhi more clear.  The examples I know of are:
> 1) final "s"
> "books" pronounced as "books" but "bags" pronounced as "bagz".
> 2) final "d"
> "glazed" pronounced as "glaizd" but "placed" pronounced as "plaist"
> It would be helpful if someone could give me other examples of sandhi in english. Not final "s" or final "d"
> Also is it true that most (all?) languages have sandhi ?
> Is sandhi expressed in the spelling (and not just the pronounciation) of any non-Indian languages?
> Thanks,
> Harry Spier
> Thanks,
> Harry Spier
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